Chitetezo cha renti

Mukabwereka malo ogona ku Netherlands, ndiye kuti ndinu oyenera kubwereka chitetezo. Zomwezo zimagwiranso ntchito kwa omwe mumagwira nawo ntchito limodzi ndi ogwiritsira ntchito. M'malo mwake, chitetezo cha renti chimakhala ndi mbali ziwiri: chitetezo chamitengo yobwereka ndi chitetezo cha renti pothetsa mgwirizano wokhala nawo chifukwa choti mwininyumbayo sangangothetsa mgwirizano. Ngakhale mbali zonse ziwiri zachitetezo cha renti zimakhudza omwe akukhala m'nyumba zantchito, izi sizomwe zimachitika kwa omwe akukhala m'nyumba zaulere. Ndi chitetezo chiti chomwe chikufotokozedwera kuti ndi liti komanso ndi chiyani kwenikweni chitetezo chamitengo yobwereka kapena chitetezo chazobwereketsa pothetsa kubwereketsa kumatchulidwa, zafotokozedwa mu blog iyi. Koma choyamba, blog iyi imafotokoza za malo omwe akukhalamo omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito popewa chitetezo.

Chitetezo Cha renti

Malo okhala

Pogwiritsa ntchito malamulo okhudzana ndi chitetezo cha renti, liyenera kukhala funso lokhalamo. Malinga ndi Article 7: 233 ya Dutch Civil Code, malo okhalamo akuyenera kumveka kuti akutanthauza nyumba yosunthika popeza imachita lendi ngati nyumba yodziyimira pawokha kapena yopanda anthu, karavani kapena malo oyimilira okhalitsa. Palibenso kusiyanitsa pakati pa omwe akukhala pa malo odziyimira pawokha kapena osakhala okha kuti ateteze renti.

Lingaliro lokhalamo malo limaphatikizaponso zida zosunthika, mwa kuyankhula kwina malo omwe mwachilengedwe ali olumikizidwa mosasunthika ndi nyumba, karavani kapena phula kapena zomwe zili gawo lake chifukwa cha mgwirizano wobwereketsa. M'malo okhala ovuta, mwina, masitepe, makonde ndi makonde komanso makhazikitsidwe apakati ngati asankhidwa ndi mgwirizano ngati malo omwe alibe anthu ena onse.

Komabe, palibe malo okhalamo malinga ndi tanthauzo la Gawo 7: 233 la Dutch Civil Code ngati zingakhudze:

  • kugwiritsa ntchito kwakanthawi malo okhala; ngati zili choncho zimatsimikizika potengera momwe ntchitoyo imagwiritsidwira ntchito, mwachitsanzo ngati tchuthi kapena nyumba yosinthana. Mwanjira imeneyi, kuchepa kwakanthawi kumatanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito osati nthawi yovomerezana;
  • malo odalira; izi zili chomwechi ngati nyumbayo ibwereka pamodzi ndi malo amalonda; Zikatero, nyumbayo ndi gawo limodzi la malo obwerekera, kuti zikhalidwe za nyumbayo zizigwiritsidwa ntchito mnyumbayo;
  • boti lanyumba; ichi ndichodabwitsa chomwe sichikugwirizana ndi tanthauzo lazamalamulo la Article 7: 233 ya Dutch Civil Code. Nyumba yotereyi nthawi zambiri imatha kuonedwa ngati katundu wosasunthika, chifukwa palibe mgwirizano wokhalitsa ndi nthaka kapena banki.

Kuteteza mitengo yobwereka

Ngati malo okhala pamwambapa akwaniritsidwa, wobwereketsa amasangalala ndi chitetezo chamitengo yobwereka. Zikatero mfundo zoyambira zotsatirazi zikugwira ntchito:

  • kuchuluka pakati pa zabwino, kuphatikiza malo okhala ndi pakati pa renti yomwe iyenera kulipidwa, ziyenera kukhala zomveka;
  • wobwereketsa ali ndi mwayi nthawi zonse kuti mitengo yoyambira ikayesedwa ndi Rental Committee; izi ndizotheka pakadutsa miyezi 6 chichitikireni chikole; lingaliro la Rent Committee ndilokakamiza, komabe lingaperekedwe ku Subdistrict Court kuti iwunikenso;
  • mwininyumba sangapite ndi chiwongola dzanja chopanda malire; Malire enieni amilandu amakhudzidwa ndi kukwera kwa renti, monga kuchuluka kwakukulu kwa renti komwe Unduna wakonza;
  • malamulo okhudza chitetezo cha renti ndi lamulo lovomerezeka, mwachitsanzo, mwininyumba sangapatuke pa iwo mu mgwirizano wapangano kuti awononge wokhala.

Zodabwitsa ndizakuti, mfundo zomwe zimanenedwa zimangogwira ntchito kwa wokhala m'nyumba yogona. Awa ndimalo okhalamo omwe amagwera mgawo lobwereketsa lovomerezeka ndipo chifukwa chake akuyenera kusiyanitsidwa ndi malo okhala omwe ali aufulu, kapena kubwereka kwaulere. Pankhani ya nyumba zaufulu kapena zaulere, lendi imakhala yayikulu kwambiri kotero kuti wobwerekayo sakuyeneranso kulandira ndalama za lendi motero amakhala kunja kwa chitetezo cha lamulo. Malire pakati pa nyumba zaufulu ndi malo ochezera ali pafupifupi pamtengo wokhazikika wa pafupifupi ma 752 euros pamwezi. Ngati mtengo wobwereketsa wogwirizana udadutsa ndalamayi, wobwerekedwayo sangadaliranso mfundo zomwe tafotokozazi, chifukwa zimakhudza renti ya nyumba yololedwa.

Chitetezo cha renti pothetsa mgwirizano wobwereka

Komabe, pakugwiritsa ntchito mbali ina yachitetezo cha renti, palibe kusiyana komwe kumachitika pakati pa omwe akukhala m'nyumba zokomera anthu kapena zina. Mwanjira ina, izi zikutanthauza kuti aliyense wokhala malo amakhala otetezedwa makamaka kuti asathetse mgwirizano wobwereketsa, mwakuti mwini nyumbayo sangathe kuletsa mgwirizano wobwereka. Poterepa, wokhalamo amatetezedwa makamaka chifukwa:

  • kutha kwa mwininyumbayo sikuthetsa mgwirizano wokhala nawo malinga ndi Article 7: 272 ya Dutch Civil Code; Mwininyumba, zili kwa mwininyumba kuti ayambe kaye kuthetsa mgwirizano wamgwirizano ndi kuvomerezana. Ngati izi sizigwira ntchito ndipo wokhala nawo sagwirizana ndi kuchotsedwa, kuchotsedwa kwa mwininyumbayo sikungathetse mgwirizano wobwereka. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mgwirizano wobwereketsa ukupitilira mwachizolowezi ndipo mwininyumbayo akuyenera kupempha kuti athetse mgwirizano ndi khothi lachigawo. Zikatero, mgwirizano wobwereketsa sutha mpaka khothi litapereka chigamulo chosasinthika palamulo la mwininyumba.
  • poganizira Article 7: 271 ya Dutch Civil Code, mwininyumba akuyenera kunena chifukwa chomuchotsera; ngati mwininyumbayo athetsa mgwirizano wobwereketsa, akuyenera kutsatira zomwe zatchulidwazi za Civil Code. Kuphatikiza pa nthawi yazindikiritso, maziko oti achotsedwe ndichinthu chofunikira munthawi imeneyi. Mwini nyumba ayenera kunena chimodzi mwazifukwa zothetsera kutha kwake, monga tafotokozera mu Article 7: 274 ndime 1 ya Dutch Civil Code:
  1. wobwereketsa sanakhale ngati wokhala wabwino
  2. zimakhudza lendi kwakanthawi kokhazikika
  3. mwininyumba amafunika lendi mwachangu kuti amugwiritse ntchito
  4. wobwereketsa sagwirizana ndi zomveka zopangira mgwirizano watsopano wobwereketsa
  5. mwininyumba akufuna kuti agwiritse ntchito malo obwerekedwa malinga ndi dongosolo loyenera lokhazikitsidwa
  6. zokonda za mwininyumba pomaliza kubwereketsa zimaposa za amene akukhalitsa kupitilirabe (ngati wobwereketsa)
  • kubwereketsa kumatha kuthetsedwa ndi woweruza pazifukwa zomwe zafotokozedwa m'ndime 7: 274 ndime 1 ya Dutch Civil Code; Zomwe tazitchulazi ndizokwanira: ndiye kuti, ngati milandu ikuchitika kumakhothi, kuthetsa mgwirizano wapakhomo pazifukwa zina sikungatheke. Ngati chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe zatchulidwazi zachitika, khothi liyeneranso kupereka pempholi kuti lithe. Zikatero, palibe malo oti (kupitiliza) kuyeza zofuna. Komabe, kusiyanasiyana kumagwiranso ntchito pamfundo iyi pokhudzana ndi kuchotsedwa kwa anthu kuti agwiritse ntchito mwachangu. Pempho likaloledwa, khothi ligamulanso nthawi yoti achotsedwe. Komabe, ngati pempho la mwininyumbayo litakanidwa, pangano loyeneralo silingathetsenso ndi iye zaka zitatu.

Lamulo Loyendetsa Msika Wobwereka

M'mbuyomu, chitetezo cha renti chimayesedwa podzudzulidwa kwambiri: chitetezo cha renti chikadapita patali kwambiri ndipo pali eni nyumba ambiri omwe angafune kubwereka nyumbayo ngati chitetezo cha lendi sichinali chokhwima kwambiri. Wopanga malamulo watsimikizira kuti akumvera izi. Pachifukwa ichi, nyumba yamalamulo yasankha kukhazikitsa lamuloli kuyambira pa 1 Julayi 2016, Rental Market Transfer Act. Ndi lamulo latsopanoli, chitetezo cha wobwerekera sichinakhale chokhwima kwambiri. Potengera lamuloli, izi ndizosintha zofunika kwambiri:

  • kwa mapangano a renti okhudzana ndi malo okhala pawokha azaka ziwiri kapena zocheperako komanso pamgwirizano wapanyumba yokhudzana ndi malo osakhala odziyimira pawokha azaka zisanu kapena zocheperako, zatheka kuti mwininyumba abwereke popanda chitetezo cha renti. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mgwirizano wobwereketsa umatha ndi kugwira ntchito kwa lamulo nthawi yomwe agwirizana ndipo sayenera kuthetsedwa ndi mwininyumba monga kale.
  • ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa mgwirizano wamagulu, zathandizidwanso kuti mwininyumba athetse mgwirizano wobwereka wokhudzana ndi nyumba yomwe ikukonzekera gulu linalake, monga ophunzira. Ngati wopalamulayo salinso m'gulu lomwe akufuna ndipo, mwachitsanzo, sangatchulidwenso ngati wophunzira, mwininyumbayo azitha kupitiliza kuchotsa chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mwachangu mosavuta komanso mwachangu.

Kodi ndinu lendi ndipo kodi mukufuna kudziwa mtundu wa chitetezo chomwe mungakhale nacho? Kodi ndinu mwininyumba yemwe akufuna kuthetsa mgwirizano wobwereka? Kapena muli ndi mafunso ena aliwonse okhudza blog iyi? Ndiye kukhudzana Law & More. Maloya athu ndi akatswiri pamalamulo obwereka ndipo ali okondwa kukupatsani upangiri. Angakuthandizeninso mwalamulo ngati mkangano wanu wobwereketsa ungayambitse milandu.

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