Kodi loya amatani?

Kuwonongeka kunavutitsidwa ndi munthu wina, womangidwa ndi apolisi kapena kufuna kuyimira ufulu wanu: milandu yosiyanasiyana momwe thandizo la loya sichinthu chosafunikira komanso pamilandu yaboma ngakhale choyenera. Koma kodi loya amachita chiyani makamaka ndipo chifukwa chiyani kuli kofunika kulemba loya?

Dongosolo lamilandu lachi Dutch ndilopambana kwambiri ndipo latsimikizika. Pofuna kupewa kusamvana ndikufotokozera zolinga zamalamulo molondola, mawu aliwonse asankhidwa aganiziridwa ndipo makina ovuta akhazikitsidwa kuti ateteze malamulo ena. Chosavuta ndichakuti nthawi zambiri kumakhala kovuta kuyendetsa njira kudzera mu izi. Woyimira milandu amaphunzitsidwa kutanthauzira lamuloli ndipo amadziwa njira yake yopyola 'nkhalango' yalamulo kuposa wina aliyense. Mosiyana ndi woweruza kapena woimira boma pamilandu, loya amangoyimira zofuna za makasitomala ake. Pa Law & More kasitomala ndi zotsatira zabwino kwambiri komanso zoyenera kwa kasitomala zimabwera koyamba. Koma kodi loya amachita chiyani kwenikweni? Momwemonso, izi zimadalira kwambiri mulandu womwe mumakambirana ndi loya.

Kodi loya amatani?

Pali mitundu iwiri yamilandu yomwe loya angakuyambireni: njira yopempherera ndi masamanidwe. Pankhani yamalamulo oyang'anira, timagwira ntchito popempha, zomwe zidzafotokozedwenso mu blog. Mkati mwa malamulo amilandu, mutha kulandila masamoni. Kupatula apo, ndi Public Prosecution Service yokha yomwe imaloledwa kuzenga milandu yaupandu. Ngakhale apo, loya amatha kukuthandizani kuti mupereke umboni wotsutsa, mwazinthu zina.

Njira zopempha

Mukayamba njira zopempha, monga dzinalo likusonyezera, pempho limaperekedwa kwa woweruza. Mutha kulingalira za zinthu monga chisudzulo, kutha kwa mgwirizano wa ntchito ndi kuyang'aniridwa. Kutengera mlanduwo, pakhoza kukhala mnzake kapena sangakhale mnzake. Woyimira milandu akukonzekeretsani pempholi lomwe lingakwaniritse zofunikira zonse ndipo lipanga pempholo lanu moyenera. Ngati pali wokondweretsedwa kapena wozengereza, loya wanu amayankhanso pazankhani iliyonse yodzitchinjiriza.

Ngati njira yakupempha idayambitsidwa ndi maphwando ena omwe simukutsutsana nawo kapena omwe mukufuna, mutha kulumikizana ndi loya. Woyimira milandu atha kukuthandizani kuti mupange fomu yodzitchinjiriza, ngati kuli kofunikira, kukonzekera kumvetsera pakamwa. Pakumvetsera, mutha kuyimiridwanso ndi loya, yemwe amathanso kukadandaula ngati simukugwirizana ndi lingaliro la woweruza.

Ndondomeko ya maitanidwe

Nthawi zina zonse, njira yamasamalidwe imayambika, pomwe malingaliro a woweruza pakumenyanaku amafunsidwa. Kutumizidwanso kumatanthauza kuti munthu akaitane kukhothi; kuyamba kwa njira. Zachidziwikire, loya wanu alipo kuti adzayankhule nanu nthawi ya mlandu, komanso kuti akuthandizireni musanachitike kapena mutatha. Kuyankhulana ndi loya nthawi zambiri kumayambira mukalandira masamoni kapena mukafuna kudzitumizira nokha. Mukayamba ntchitoyo nokha ndipo chifukwa chake ndinu wofunsayo, loya samangolangiza ngati kuyambitsa njirayi kuli ndi phindu, komanso amalemba masamoni omwe akuyenera kukwaniritsa njira zosiyanasiyana. Asanapange kuyitanidwa, loya akhoza, ngati angafune, kuyamba kulankhulana ndi omwe akutsutsana nawo mwa kulemba kuti apeze yankho lamtendere, osayamba milandu. Ngati zikufika pakuyitanitsa masamoni, kulumikizana kwina ndi gulu lotsutsa kudzasamalidwanso ndi loya kuti awonetsetse kuti njirayi ikuyenda bwino. Mlanduwu usanamvedwe pakamwa ndi woweruza, padzakhala gawo lolemba lomwe mbali ziwirizi zitha kuyankhirana. Zikalata zomwe zimatumizidwa mmbuyo ndi mtsogolo nthawi zambiri zimaphatikizidwa ndi woweruza pakumvera kwamilandu kwamilandu. Nthawi zambiri, pambuyo polemba ndi kuyimira, sizimakhalanso pamsonkhano, pogwiritsa ntchito dongosolo pakati pa magulu awiriwo. Kodi mlandu wanu udatha pomvekera ndipo simukugwirizana ndi chigamulochi mutangomvetsera? Momwemonso, loya wanu adzakuthandizani kuti mukadandaule ngati kuli kofunikira.

Njira zoyendetsera apilo

Ngati simukugwirizana ndi lingaliro la bungwe loyang'anira (bungwe la boma) monga CBR kapena boma, mutha kutsutsa. Mutha kukhala ndi kalata yotsutsa yolembedwa ndi loya yemwe amadziwa bwino momwe angaperekere chitsutso ndipo akudziwa zifukwa zomwe ziyenera kuperekedwa. Ngati mungalembetse zotsutsa, thupi lipanga chisankho pazotsutsa (bob). Ngati simukugwirizana ndi lingaliro ili, mutha kulembera apilo. Kwa bungwe, monga khothi, CBb, CRvB kapena RvS, pempho liyenera kuperekedwa kutengera mlandu wanu. Woyimira milandu atha kukuthandizani kuti mupereke chidziwitso kukadandaula kwa oyenerera ndipo, ngati kungafunike, mupange yankho pazomwe akuteteza. Pomaliza, woweruza adzaweruza pamlanduwo pakamvedwe pakamwa. Ngati simukugwirizana ndi lingaliro la woweruza, mutha kuyitanabe nthawi zina.

(Subpoena) malamulo amilandu

Ku Netherlands, Public Prosecution Service ili ndi mlandu wofufuza komanso kuweruza milandu. Ngati mwalandira masamoni kuchokera ku Public Prosecution Service, mukukayikiridwa kuti munapalamula mlandu pambuyo pofufuza koyamba. Kulemba ntchito loya ndichinthu chanzeru. Mlandu ukhoza kukhala wodzaza mwalamulo ndikusanthula zolembazo kumafunikira chidziwitso. Woyimira milandu atha kukana kuyitanidwa kuti kumvera pakamwa kupewedwe. Nthawi zambiri, kumvetsera pamlandu wamilandu kumachitika pagulu. Woyimira mlandu adzakuyimirani bwino pakumvetsera pakamwa. Phindu lokhala ndi loya, mwachitsanzo atazindikira zolakwika zomwe zidachitika pakufufuza, zitha kufikira mpaka kuweruzidwa. Ngati simukugwirizana ndi lingaliro la woweruza, mutha kuchita apilo.

Woyimira milandu nthawi zambiri amatha kukuchitirani zinazake musanalandire chisamani. Mwa loya, mwa zina, atha kupereka chithandizo ndi thandizo pakufunsidwa ndi apolisi kapena kulangiza mlandu womwe mukuwakayikira.

Kutsiliza

Ngakhale mutha kulemba ntchito loya kuti ayambe imodzi mwanjira zomwe tatchulazi, maloya amathanso kukuthandizani kunja kwa khothi. Mwachitsanzo, loya amathanso kukulemberani kalata mumalonda. Sikuti kalata imangolembedwa molingana ndi zofuna zanu zomwe zimayika chala chanu pachimake, komanso mumapezanso chidziwitso chalamulo pankhani yanu. Mothandizidwa ndi loya mumathandizidwa pazomwe simuyenera kuchita komanso zomwe simuyenera kuchita pankhani yanu ndipo kuchita bwino ndichowonadi osati chiyembekezo chabe.

Mwachidule, loya amalangiza, kuyimira pakati ndikuweruza milandu yanu ndipo nthawi zonse amachita zofuna za kasitomala wake. Pazabwino zonse, mudzapinduladi ndi ntchito loya.

Kodi mukuganiza kuti mukufuna upangiri waluso kapena thandizo lazamalamulo kuchokera kwa loya wodziwa ntchito mukawerenga nkhaniyi pamwambapa? Chonde nditumizireni Law & More. Law & MoreMaloya awo ndiwodziwika pamadera osiyanasiyana azamalamulo ndipo ali okondwa kukuthandizani kudzera pafoni kapena imelo.

Share
Law & More B.V.