Kodi chisamaliro ndi chiyani?

Ku Netherlands ndalama zoperekera ndalama ndi gawo lazandalama pazachuma cha mnzanu wakale komanso ana atasudzulana. Ndi ndalama zomwe mumalandira kapena mumayenera kulipira mwezi uliwonse. Ngati mulibe ndalama zokwanira zokhalira ndi moyo, mutha kupeza ndalama. Muyenera kulipira ndalama ngati mnzanu wakale alibe ndalama zokwanira kuti azidzisamalira yekha banja litatha. Mulingo wa moyo pa nthawi ya ukwati udzaganiziridwa. Mutha kukhala ndi udindo wothandizira mnzanu wakale, amene munalembetsa kale ndi ana anu.

Chisoni

Zoyipa za ana komanso zam'nzanu

Pakasudzulana, mutha kukumana ndi zoyamwitsa anzanu komanso zoyamwitsa ana. Ponena za alimony wothandizirana naye, mutha kupanga mapangano pankhaniyi ndi mnzanu wakale. Mapanganowa atha kulembedwa pangano ndi loya kapena notary. Ngati palibe chomwe chinagwirizanitsidwe pankhani yothandizirana naye pa nthawi ya chisudzulo, mutha kulembetsa kuti mupatsidwe chithandizo pambuyo pake ngati, zikhalidwe zanu kapena za mnzanu wakale zisintha. Ngakhale dongosolo lamalipiro omwe munalipo kale silingamveke bwino, mutha kupanganso zina.

Ponena za chithandizo cha ana, mapangano amathanso kupangidwa panthawi yachisudzulo. Mapanganowa adayikidwa mu dongosolo la kulera. Mu ndondomekoyi mupanganso dongosolo logawa chisamaliro cha mwana wanu. Zambiri pazinthu izi zitha kupezeka patsamba lathu za dongosolo la kulera. Ndalama za ana sizimatha mpaka mwana atakwanitsa zaka 21. Zotheka kuti chithandizo cha mwana chimasiya asanakwanitse zaka izi, mwachitsanzo ngati mwanayo ali wodziyimira pawokha pazachuma kapena ali ndi ntchito ndi malipiro ochepa achichepere. Kholo losamala limalandira chithandizo cha mwana mpaka mwanayo atakwanitsa zaka 18. Pambuyo pake, ndalamazo zimapita mwachindunji kwa mwanayo ngati udindo wake umakhala wautali. Ngati inu ndi mnzanu wakale simunakwanitse kukwaniritsa mgwirizano wothandizira ana, khothi likhoza kusankha dongosolo loti lizisamalira ana.

Kodi mumawerengera ndalama bwanji?

Alimony amawerengedwa potengera kuthekera kwa wobwereketsa komanso zosowa za munthu amene akuyenera kusamalidwa. Mphamvuyo ndi yomwe wolipirira ngongole sangasunge. Pamene ma alimony a ana ndi omwe amagwiranso nawo ntchito amafunsidwira, chithandizo cha ana chimakhala choyambirira. Izi zikutanthauza kuti chisamaliro cha mwana chimawerengedwa koyamba ndipo, ngati pali malo ake pambuyo pake, mnzakeyo akhoza kuwerengedwa. Muli ndi ufulu wokhala ndi alimony ngati munakwatirana kapena munachita nawo mgwirizano. Pankhani yolera ana, ubale pakati pa makolo ndiwosafunika, ngakhale makolo sanakhale pachibwenzi, ufulu wokhala ndi mwana ulipo.

Ma Alimony amasintha chaka chilichonse, chifukwa malipiro nawonso amasintha. Izi zimatchedwa indexing. Chaka chilichonse, nduna ya Zachilungamo ndi Chitetezo imayika, pambuyo powerengera ndi Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Bungwe la CBS limayang'anira zomwe zikuchitika m'mabizinesi, boma komanso magawo ena. Zotsatira zake, kuchuluka kwamalipiro kumawonjezeka ndi peresenti iyi chaka chilichonse pa 1 Januware. Mutha kuvomerezana limodzi kuti kulongosola kwalamulo sikukugwira ntchito pakulipira kwanu.

Kodi mukuyenera kulandira ndalama zochuluka bwanji?

Mutha kuvomereza ndi mnzanuyo kuti ndalama zolipirira ndalama zipitilira mpaka liti. Muthanso kufunsa khothi kuti likhazikitse nthawi. Ngati palibe chomwe chagwirizanitsidwa, lamuloli liziwongolera kutalika kwakanthawi koyenera kulipidwa. Malamulowa pakadali pano amatanthauza kuti nthawi yobereketsa ndiyofanana ndi theka la nthawi yaukwati ndi zaka 5. Pali zosiyana zingapo pa izi:

  • Ngati, panthawi yofunsira chisudzulo, nthawi yaukwati imadutsa zaka 15 ndipo zaka za wobwereketsa ndalama sizoposa zaka 10 poyerekeza ndi zaka zapenshoni zaboma zomwe zikuyenera kugwiridwa panthawiyo, ngongoleyo idzatha zaka zapenshoni zaboma zatha. Izi ndiye zaka zoposa 10 ngati munthu amene akukhudzidwayo ali ndendende zaka 10 zaka zapenshoni zaboma zisanachitike. Kukhazikitsidwa kwazaka zapenshoni zaboma pambuyo pake sikukhudza nthawi yolandila. Izi ndizomwe zimagwira maukwati okhalitsa.
  • Kupatula kwachiwiri kumakhudza mabanja omwe ali ndi ana aang'ono. Poterepa, udindo ukupitilira mpaka mwana womaliza kubadwa m'banja afike zaka 12. Izi zikutanthauza kuti chisamaliro cha mwana chimatha zaka 12.
  • Kupatula kwachitatu ndi kwakusintha kwakanthawi ndipo kumawonjezera nthawi yosamalira okongoza omwe ali ndi zaka 50 kapena kupitilira ngati ukwati watha zaka zosachepera 15. Okongoza ngongole obadwa pa 1 Januware kapena isanakwane 1970 azilandira chithandizo kwa zaka 10 m'malo mokhala zaka 5.

Chisangalalo chimayamba lamulo lakusudzulana litalembedweratu. Chilichonse chimatha nthawi yomwe khothi latha. Zimamalizanso pomwe wolandirayo akwatiwanso, kukhala pamodzi kapena kulowa mgulu lolembetsa. Mmodzi wa maphwando akamwalira, ndalama zolipirira ndalama zimayimiranso.

Nthawi zina, mnzake wakale amatha kupempha khothi kuti limuwonjezere ndalama. Izi zitha kuchitika mpaka 1 Januware 2020 ngati kutha kwa alimony kunali kovuta kwambiri kotero kuti sikangakhale kofunikira. Kuyambira pa 1 Januware 2020, malamulowa adasinthidwa pang'ono: chisamaliro chitha kupitilizidwa ngati kuchotsedwa sikokwanira kwa phwando lomwe likulandila.

Njira zoyanjana

Njira imatha kuyambitsidwa kuti isankhe, kusintha kapena kuthetsa kusamvana. Nthawi zonse mufunika loya. Gawo loyamba ndikulemba pulogalamu. Mukugwiritsa ntchito, mupempha woweruza kuti adziwe, asinthe kapena ayimitse kukonza. Loya wanu ndi amene analemba fomu iyi ndikupereka kukalembetsa kwa khothi m'boma lomwe mukukhala komanso komwe mlanduwu umachitikira. Kodi inu ndi mnzanu wakale simukukhala ku Netherlands? Kenako pempholo litumizidwa ku khothi ku The Hague. Mnzanu wakale adzalandira. Monga sitepe yachiwiri, mnzanu wakale ali ndi mwayi wopereka chiganizo chodzitchinjiriza. Podzitchinjiriza amatha kufotokoza chifukwa chake ndalama sizingalipiridwe, kapena chifukwa chake chisangalalo sichingasinthidwe kapena kuyimitsidwa. Zikatero pamakhala bwalo lamilandu pomwe onse awiriwo akhoza kufotokoza nkhani yawo. Pambuyo pake, khothi lipanga chigamulo. Ngati mmodzi wa maguluwo sakugwirizana ndi chigamulo cha khotilo, atha kukasuma ku khothi la apilo. Zikatero, loya wanu atumizanso pempholo lina ndipo mlanduwo udzaunikidwanso kwathunthu ndi khothi. Kenako mupatsidwa chisankho china. Mutha kukadandaula ku Khothi Lalikulu ngati simukugwirizananso ndi chigamulo cha khotilo. Khothi Lalikulu limangowunika ngati Khothi Lalupilo latanthauzira ndikugwiritsa ntchito lamuloli ndi malamulo oyendetsera bwino moyenera komanso ngati chigamulo cha Khothi lakhazikika mokwanira. Chifukwa chake, Khothi Lalikulu siliganiziranso tanthauzo la nkhaniyi.

Kodi muli ndi mafunso okhudzana ndi ndalama zam'mbuyo kapena mukufuna kulembetsa, kusintha kapena kusiya kuyang'anira? Ndiye chonde lemberani maloya am'banja a Law & More. Maloya athu amadziwika bwino mu (re) kuwerengera za alimony. Kuphatikiza apo, titha kukuthandizani munjira iliyonse yolipirira ndalama. Maloya ku Law & More Ndi akatswiri pamalamulo abanja ndipo ali okondwa kukutsogolerani, mwina limodzi ndi mnzanu, pochita izi.

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