Kutetezedwa kwa ogula

Otsatsa omwe amagulitsa zinthu kapena kupereka ntchito nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito mawu ndi zinthu zambiri kuti athe kuwongolera ubale ndi omwe amalandira malonda kapena ntchito. Wogulitsayo akagula, amasangalala ndi chitetezo cha ogula. Chitetezo cha makasitomala chimapangidwa kuti chiteteze ogula 'ofooka' kwa wamalonda 'olimba'. Kuti muwone ngati wolandirayo amasangalala ndi chitetezo cha ogula, ndikofunikira kuti afotokozere zomwe wogula ndi. Wogula ndi munthu wachilengedwe yemwe sachita ntchito yaulere kapena bizinesi yake kapena munthu wachilengedwe yemwe samachita bizinesi yake kapena ntchito wamba. Mwachidule, wogula ndi ena omwe amagula malonda kapena ntchito zina zosagulitsa, zofuna zake.

Chitetezo kwa ogula pokhudzana ndi zikhalidwe ndi zinthu zina zikutanthauza kuti ochita bizinesi sangathe kungophatikiza zonse malinga ndi momwe zinthu zilili kapena ndalama zake ngati zoperekazo zikugwira ntchito molakwika, izi sizigwira ntchito kwa ogula. Mu Dutch Civil Code, mndandanda wotchedwa wakuda ndi imvi ukuphatikizidwa. Mndandanda wakuda uli ndi zinthu zomwe nthawi zonse zimawonedwa ngati zopanda ntchito, mindandanda ya imvi imakhala ndi zinthu zomwe nthawi zambiri (mwina) sizingagwiritse ntchito bwino. Pofuna kupezeka kuchokera pamndandanda wa imvi, kampaniyo iyenera kuwonetsa kuti izi ndizoyenera. Ngakhale nthawi zonse amalimbikitsidwa kuti awerenge mawu mosamala, ogula amatetezedwa ku zosatheka ndi lamulo la Dutch.

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