Kuwona kufunikira kwa kampaniyo: mumachita bwanji izi?

Kodi bizinesi yanu ndiyotani? Ngati mukufuna kupeza, kugulitsa, kapena kungodziwa momwe kampani yanu ikuyendera, ndikofunikira kudziwa yankho la funso ili. Kupatula apo, ngakhale mtengo wamakampani sunafanane ndi mtengo wotsiriza womwe umalipira, ndiye poyambira kukambirana pazokhudza mtengo. Koma kodi mumafika bwanji yankho la funsoli? Pali njira zingapo zosiyanasiyana. Njira zazikulu zimakambidwira pansipa.

Kuwona kufunikira kwa kampaniyo: mumachita bwanji izi?

Kudziwitsa za phindu la zinthu zonse. Mtengo wachuma wonsewo ndi mtengo wamsika wa kampaniyo ndipo utha kuwerengedwa pochotsa mtengo wazinthu zonse, monga nyumba, makina, zosungira ndi ndalama, kuchotsera ngongole zonse, kapena ngongole. Kutengera kuwerengera uku, zitha kutsimikizika kuti kampani ndiyofunika bwanji pakadali pano. Komabe, njira iyi yowerengera sikuti nthawi zonse imapereka chithunzi chathunthu. Kupatula apo, pepala lokhala ndi kusintha kosasintha ndiye maziko amtengo wapataliwo. Kuphatikiza apo, ndalama zomwe kampaniyo imakhala sizimangokhala ndi zinthu zonse, monga chidziwitso, mapangano ndi mtundu wa ogwira ntchito, komanso sizikhala ndi ngongole zonse zanyumba monga kubwereketsa ndi kubwereketsa. Njirayi ndichithunzi chabe chomwe sichinena zambiri zakutukuka m'mbuyomu kapena malingaliro amtsogolo a kampaniyo.

Kudziwitsa phindu la phindu. Mtengo wopindulitsa ndi njira ina yomwe phindu la kampani lingadziwitsidwe. Mosiyana ndi njira yapita, njira yowerengera iyi imaganizira (kuchuluka kwa phindu mtsogolo). Kuti muwone phindu la kampani yanu pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, muyenera kudziwa kaye kuchuluka kwa phindu Kenako kufunikira kopindulitsa. Mumazindikira kuchuluka kwa phindu potengera phindu lomwe kampaniyo imagwiritsa ntchito, poganizira za chitukuko m'mbuyomu ndi ziyembekezo zamtsogolo. Kenako mumagawa phindu pobweza zomwe mukufuna. Chofunikira chobwezera nthawi zambiri chimachokera pachidwi chazachuma chomwe sichikhala pachiwopsezo cha nthawi yayitali kuphatikiza chiziwonjezera cha chiwopsezo cha gawo ndi bizinesi. Mwachizoloŵezi, njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Ngakhale zili choncho, njirayi silingaganizire kokwanira momwe kampani ikupezera ndalama komanso kupezeka kwa zinthu zina. Kuphatikiza apo, ndi njirayi, chiwopsezo chazachuma sichingathe kulekanitsidwa ndi chiwopsezo cha ndalama.

Njira yodulitsira ndalama. Chithunzi chabwino kwambiri cha phindu la kampani chimapezeka ndikuwerengera njira zotsatirazi, zomwe zimatchedwanso njira ya DFC. Kupatula apo, njira ya DFC imakhazikika pakuyenda kwa ndalama ndipo imayang'ana chitukuko chawo mtsogolo. Lingaliro lalikulu ndikuti kampani ikhoza kukwaniritsa zomwe ikukakamira ngati ndalama zokwanira zibwera ndipo zotsatira zake sizikhala m'tsogolo. Ichi ndichifukwa chake mabanki amathandizanso pakuwunika kwa kampani malinga ndi njira iyi ya DFC. Komabe, kuwerengera kwake malinga ndi njirayi ndizovuta. Kuti mupeze chithunzi chabwino cha phindu lomwe mungapange ndi kampaniyo mtsogolomo, ndikofunikira kutulutsa zonse zamtsogolo. Pambuyo pake, ndalama zomwe zikubwera ziyenera kuthetsedwa ndikutuluka kwa ndalama. Pomaliza, mothandizidwa ndi Weight A average Cost of Capital (WACC), zotsatira zake zimatsitsidwa ndipo mtengo wa kampani umatsatira.

Pamwambapa njira zitatu zomwe takambirana kuti tidziwe phindu la kampaniyo. Kubwerera ku funso loyambira, yankho lake siwopatsa chidwi. Kuphatikiza apo, njira iliyonse imabweretsa zotsatira zosiyana. Pomwe njira imodzi imangoyang'ana chithunzithunzi ndikuwona kuti kampani ndiyofunika miliyoni, njira inayo imayang'ana kwambiri mtsogolo ndipo ikuyembekeza kuti kampani yomweyi ikufunika miliyoni imodzi ndi theka. Zikuwoneka zomveka kusankha njira ndi mtengo wapamwamba kwambiri. Komabe, iyi si nthawi zonse njira yabwino kwambiri yopangira makampani anu ndipo kuwerengera kumapangidwa mwanjira zambiri. Ichi ndichifukwa chake kuli kwanzeru kuchita zantchito ndikukalandira upangiri pamalo anu ovomerezeka musanayambe kugula kapena kugula. Law & MoreMaloya awo ndi akatswiri pankhani zamalamulo m'makampani ndipo ali okondwa kukupatsani upangiri komanso mitundu ina ya chithandizo munthawi yanu, monga kulemba ndi kuyesa mapangano, khama moyenera komanso kutenga nawo mbali pazokambirana.

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