Mikangano ya Director

Oyang'anira kampani nthawi zonse amayenera kutsogozedwa ndi chidwi cha kampani. Nanga bwanji ngati owongolera akuyenera kupanga zisankho zomwe zikukhudzana ndi zofuna zawo? Ndi chidwi chiti chomwe chimakhalapo ndipo wotsogolera amayenera kuchita zotani?

Mikangano ya Director Chithunzi

Kodi pali mikangano iti pa zofuna?

Mukamayang'anira kampaniyo, bodi nthawi zina imatenga chisankho chomwe chimapindulitsanso wotsogolera. Monga director, muyenera kuyang'anira zomwe kampani ikufuna osati zofuna zanu. Palibe vuto lomwe lingachitike ngati lingaliro lotsogozedwa ndi komiti yoyang'anira lipangitsa kuti wotsogolera apindule payekha. Izi ndizosiyana ngati chidwi chamunthuchi chikutsutsana ndi zofuna za kampani. Zikatero, wotsogolera sangatenge nawo gawo pamisonkhano ndikupanga chisankho.

Pankhani ya Bruil Khothi Lalikulu linagamula kuti pali kusamvana pakati pa oyang'anira ngati mkuluyu sangateteze zofuna za kampaniyo ndi kampani yake m'njira yoti mtsogoleri wamkulu komanso wopanda tsankho angayembekezeredwe kutero chifukwa cha kupezeka kwa zokonda zanu kapena chidwi china chosafanana ndi bungwe lalamulo. [1] Pozindikira ngati pali kusamvana kwazinthu zonse zofunikira pankhaniyi ziyenera kuganiziridwa.

Pali kusamvana kwakusangalatsa komwe wotsogolera akamachita mosiyanasiyana. Izi ndizochitika, mwachitsanzo, pamene wotsogolera kampani ndi mnzake ku kampani nthawi yomweyo chifukwa nawonso ndi director wa bungwe lina lalamulo. Wotsogolera amayenera kuyimira zofuna zingapo (zotsutsana). Ngati pali chiwongola dzanja changwiro, chiwongola dzanja sichikuphimbidwa ndi kusamvana kwamalamulo okopa chidwi. Izi zimachitika ngati chidwi sichikulumikizana ndi chidwi cha director. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi pamene makampani awiri amgwirizano. Ngati director ndi director wa makampani onsewa, koma si olandila (n) (indirect) kapena alibe chidwi chilichonse, palibe mikangano yokhudzana ndi chidwi.

Zotsatira zakupezeka kwakusagwirizana kwa chidwi ndi chiyani?

Zotsatira zakusemphana kwa chidwi tsopano zalembedwa mu Dutch Civil Code. Wotsogolera sangatenge nawo mbali pazokambirana komanso popanga zisankho ngati ali ndi chidwi ndi ena kapena chosagwirizana ndi kampani komanso mabungwe omwe amagwirizana nawo. Zotsatira zake palibe lingaliro la komiti lomwe lingatengeredwe, chisankho chidzafikiridwa ndi oyang'anira. Pakakhala gulu loyang'anira, chigamulochi chidzavomerezedwa ndi msonkhano waukulu, pokhapokha malamulowo atapereka zina. Izi zikuphatikizidwa mu gawo 2: 129 ndime 6 ya kampani yocheperako (NV) ndi 2: 239 ndime 6 ya Dutch Civil Code ya kampani yopanda malire (BV).

Sitingathe kumaliza kuchokera m'nkhanizi kuti kupezeka chabe kwakusamvana kotereku kumachitika chifukwa cha wotsogolera. Komanso sangaimbidwe mlandu pakumalizira pake. Zolemba zikungonena kuti director ayenera kupewa kutenga nawo mbali pazokambirana komanso popanga zisankho. Chifukwa chake si machitidwe omwe amatsogolera ku chilango kapena kupewa mikangano, koma ndondomeko yokhayo yomwe imafotokozera momwe director ayenera kuchitira pakakhala kusamvana kwachisangalalo. Kuletsa kutenga nawo mbali pazokambirana komanso kupanga zisankho kumatanthauza kuti director yemwe akukhudzidwa sangavote, koma atha kupemphedwa kuti adziwe zambiri msonkhanowo usanachitike kapena kukhazikitsidwa kwa chinthucho pamsonkhano wa board. Kuphwanya izi, komabe, kungapangitse kuti chigamulochi chikhale chopanda tanthauzo malinga ndi Article 2: 15 gawo 1 sub a la Dutch Civil Code. Nkhaniyi ikuti zisankho sizingatheke ngati zikutsutsana ndi zomwe zimayendetsa chisankho. Ntchito yothetsera vutoli imatha kukhazikitsidwa ndi aliyense amene ali ndi chidwi chotsatira lamuloli.

Si ntchito yodziletsa yokha yomwe imagwira ntchito. Wotsogolera adzaperekanso zidziwitso zokhudzana ndi kusamvana komwe kungachitike pakusankha komiti yoyang'anira munthawi yake. Kuphatikiza apo, zikutsatira kuchokera pa nkhani 2: 9 ya Dutch Civil Code kuti kusamvana kwa chidwi kuyeneranso kudziwitsidwa kumsonkhano waukulu wa omwe akugawana nawo. Komabe, lamuloli silikufotokoza momveka bwino ngati udindo wakufotokozera wakwaniritsidwa. Chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuti muphatikize zomwe zingachitike pamalamulo kapena kwina kulikonse. Cholinga cha nyumba yamalamulo yokhala ndi malamulowa ndikuteteza kampaniyo ku chiopsezo choti director angakhudzidwe ndi zofuna zawo. Zokonda zoterezi zimawonjezera chiopsezo kuti kampaniyo ingavutike. Gawo 2: 9 la Dutch Civil Code - lomwe limayang'anira zovuta zamkati za owongolera - liyenera kukhazikika. Oyang'anira ali ndi mlandu ngati atachita zoyipa zazikulu. Kulephera kutsatira malamulo kapena kusamvana kwamalamulo okopa chidwi ndi vuto lalikulu lomwe limabweretsa mavuto kwa owongolera. Wotsogolera yemwe angatsutsane akhoza kunyozedwa kwambiri payekhapayekha ndipo chifukwa chake kampaniyo ikhoza kumuimba mlandu.

Popeza kusinthika kwamalamulo okopa chidwi, malamulo wamba oimira amagwiranso ntchito m'malo ngati amenewa. Ndime 2: 130 ndi 2: 240 ya Dutch Civil Code ndiyofunikira kwambiri pankhaniyi. Mbali inayi, director yemwe pamaziko osemphana ndi malamulo azibwinobwino saloledwa kutenga nawo mbali pazokambirana ndikupanga zisankho, amaloledwa kuyimira kampaniyo pamilandu yokhazikitsa chigamulocho. Pansi pa lamulo lakale, kusamvana kwa chiwongola dzanja kunadzetsa lamulo pakuyimira: wotsogolera sanaloledwe kuyimira kampaniyo.

Kutsiliza

Ngati director ali ndi chidwi chotsutsana, ayenera kupewa kukambirana ndi kupanga zisankho. Izi zimachitika ngati ali ndi chidwi kapena chidwi chomwe sichikugwirizana ndi chidwi cha kampaniyo. Wotsogolera akapanda kutsatira zomwe akukakamiza kuti aleke, atha kuwonjezera mwayi woti kampaniyo izimuimba mlandu. Kuphatikiza apo, lingaliro lingathetsedwe ndi aliyense amene ali ndi chidwi chochita izi. Ngakhale anali ndi zotsutsana, wotsogolera akhoza kuyimirabe kampaniyo.

Kodi zimakuvutani kudziwa ngati pali kutsutsana kwa chidwi? Kapena mukukayikira ngati muyenera kuulula zakomwe muli ndi chidwi ndikudziwitsa komitiyi? Funsani maloya a Corporate Law ku Law & More kukudziwitsani. Pamodzi titha kuwunika momwe zinthu zilili ndi mwayi. Pamaziko a kuwunikaku, titha kukulangizani pazoyenera kutsatira. Tidzakhalanso okondwa kukupatsirani upangiri ndi chithandizo pazochitika zilizonse.

[1] HR 29 juni 2007, NJ Zamgululi 2007/420; Jor 2007/169 (Bruil).

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