It sometimes happens that a director of a company gets fired. The way the director’s dismissal can take place depends on his legal position. Two types of directors can be distinguished within a company: statutory and titular directors.
A mkulu wothandizira has a special legal position within a company. On one hand, he is an official director of the company, appointed by the General Meeting of Shareholders or by the Supervisory Board based on the law or articles of association and is authorized as such to represent the company. On the other hand, he is appointed as an employee of the company based on an employment contract. A statutory director is employed by the company, but he is not a “normal” employee.
Mosiyana ndi woyang'anira pamalamulo, a director director is not an official director of the company and he is only a director because that is the name of his position. Often a titular director is also called “manager” or “vice-president.” A titular director is not appointed by the General Meeting of Shareholders or by the Supervisory Board and he is not automatically authorized to represent the company. He can be authorized for this. A titular director is appointed by the employer and is therefore, an “ordinary” employee of the company.
Kwa mkulu wothandizira kuthamangitsidwa movomerezeka, onse ubale wake pakampani ndi pantchito ayenera kuthetsedwa.
For termination of the corporate relationship, a legally valid decision by the General Meeting of Shareholders or the Supervisory Board is sufficient. After all, by virtue of the law, every statutory director can always be suspended and dismissed by an entity authorized to appoint. Before the dismissal of the director, an advice must be requested from the Works Council. In addition, the company must have a reasonable ground for dismissal, such as a business-economic reason that makes the position redundant, a disrupted employment relationship with the shareholders or the director’s incapacity for work. Finally, the following formal requirements must be followed in the case of dismissal under corporate law: the valid convocation of the General Meeting of Shareholders, the possibility of a director being heard by the General Meeting of Shareholders and advising the General Meeting of Shareholders about the dismissal decision.
Pochotsa ubale pantchito, kampani nthawi zambiri imayenera kukhala ndi chifukwa chothamangitsidwa ndipo UWV kapena khothi lidzawunikira ngati pali chifukwa chomveka cholipirira. Pokhapokha ndi pomwe bwanayo angathetse mwalamulo mgwirizano ndi wogwira ntchitoyo. Komabe, kusiyanitsa ndi njirayi kumagwiranso ntchito kwa director director. Ngakhale pali chifukwa chomveka chothamangitsira mkulu wokhazikitsidwa pamilandu, kuyesa kuthamangitsidwa sikugwira. Chifukwa chake, poyambira ponena kwa wotsogolera pamalamulo ndikuti, makamaka, kuyimitsidwa kwa ubale wake wamabungwe kumapangitsanso kuti ubale wake ukhale pansi, pokhapokha ngati kuletsa ntchito kapena mapangano ena agwire ntchito.
Mosiyana ndi wotsogolera malamulo, a director director is only an employee. This means that the ‘normal’ dismissal rules apply to him and he therefore enjoys better protection against a dismissal than a statutory director. The reasons that the employer must proceed with the dismissal are, in the case of the titular director, tested in advance. When a company wants to dismiss a titular director, the following situations are possible:
- kuchotsedwa povomerezana
- kuchotsedwa ndi chilolezo chothamangitsidwa ku UWV
- kuchotsedwa mwachangu
- kuchotsedwa kwa bwalo lamilandu yaying'ono
Ngati kampani ilibe zifukwa zokwanira kuchotsera, woyang'anira boma akhoza kukakamiza kuti alipidwe ndalama zambiri, koma, mosiyana ndi director director, sangakakamize kuti abwezeretse ntchito. Kuphatikiza apo, monga wogwira ntchito wamba, wotsogolera pazoyenera ali ndi ufulu wolipira ndalama. Poganizira udindo wake wapadera komanso mosiyana ndi wotsogolera masisitere, wotsogolera boma akhoza kutsutsa lingaliro lochotsedwa pazifukwa zonse zovomerezeka ndi zovomerezeka.
Zofunikirazi zikukhudzana ndi kufunsidwa. Wotsogolera akhoza kunena kuti chisankho chothamangitsidwa chikuyenera kufafanizidwa chifukwa chophwanya zomveka komanso zachilungamo chifukwa cha zomwe zalembedwera mwalamulo pankhani yothetsa mgwirizano ndi zomwe maphwando avomereza. Komabe, kutsutsana koteroko kochokera kwa wotsogolera malamulo sikubweretsa chipambano. Kupempha kuti afotokozere za kuchotsera komwe wachotsedwayo nthawi zambiri kumakhala ndi mwayi wopambana.
Zomwe zili pamwambazi zimakhudza chisankho chakuchita mu Msonkhano Waonse Wonse. Ngati zikuwoneka kuti malamulo osatsatiridwa sanatsatidwe, cholakwika chokhacho chingapangitse kuti kuthetsedwe kapena kuferedwa kwa lingaliro la Msonkhano Wonse Waonse. Zotsatira zake, woyang'anira zovomerezeka akhoza kuonedwa kuti sanachotsedwe ntchito ndipo kampaniyo ikhoza kukumana ndi zomwe akuti zimalipira malipiro. Kuti tipewe izi, ndikofunikira kuti zofunika zakomwe kuchotsedwa zigwiritsidwe.
At Law & More, tikumvetsa kuti kuthamangitsidwa kwa director kungakhale ndi vuto lalikulu pa kampani komanso kwa wamkuluyo. Ichi ndichifukwa chake timasungabe njira yolankhulirana patokha komanso yoyenera. Oweruza athu ndi akatswiri pantchito ya labour- komanso malamulo amilandu ndipo chifukwa chake akhoza kukupatsani chithandizo chalamulo panthawi imeneyi. Kodi mukufuna izi? Kapena kodi muli ndi mafunso ena? Kenako kukhudzana Law & More.