Kusudzulana ndi ana

When you get divorced, a lot changes in your family. If you have children, the impact of a divorce will be very big for them as well. Younger children in particular may find it difficult when their parents get divorced. In all cases, it is important that the children’s stable home environment is harmed as little as possible. It is important and even a legal obligation to make agreements with the children about family life after the divorce. The extent to which this can be done together with the children obviously depends on the age of the children. Divorce is also an emotional process for children. Children are often loyal to both parents and will often not express their true feelings during a divorce. Therefore, they too deserve special attention.

Kwa ana aang'ono, sizikudziwika bwino poyamba kuti tanthauzo la kusudzulana litanthauza chiyani kwa iwo. Komabe, ndikofunika kuti anawo adziwe komwe ali komanso kuti athe kupereka malingaliro awo okhalira ndi moyo wawo atatha chisudzulo. Inde, ndi makolo omwe pamapeto pake ayenera kusankha zochita.

Kusudzulana ndi ana

Dongosolo la kulera

Nthawi zambiri makolo amene amasudzulana amafunsidwa ndi malamulo kuti akhale kholo. Izi zili choncho kwa makolo omwe ali pabanja kapena ogwirira ntchito limodzi (kapena osasungidwa ogwirira ntchito pamodzi) ndi kwa makolo omwe akukhala nawo palimodzi. Dongosolo la kukhala kholo ndi chikalata chomwe makolo amalemba zolemba zawo zakulera.

Mulimonsemo, dongosolo la makolo liyenera kukhala ndi mapangano onena:

  • momwe mudathandizira ana pokonza njira yakulera;
  • momwe mumagawirana chisamaliro ndi kulera (lamulo la chisamaliro) kapena momwe mumachitira ndi ana (njira yofikira);
  • kangati komanso kangati kamene mumauzana zokhudza mwana wanu;
  • momwe mungapangire chisankho pamodzi pamitu yofunikira, monga chisankho cha sukulu;
  • mtengo wa chisamaliro ndi kulera (chithandizo cha mwana).

Kuphatikiza apo, makolo amathanso kusankha kuphatikizanso nthawi ina yakulera. Mwachitsanzo, zomwe inu monga makolo mumawona kuti ndizofunikira pakukula, malamulo ena (nthawi yogona, ntchito yakunyumba) kapena malingaliro pa kulangidwa. Zigwirizano zokhudzana ndi mabanja onsewo zitha kuphatikizidwanso mu dongosolo la kulera.

Malangizo osamalira kapena makonzedwe

Gawo la dongosolo la kulera ndi kusamalira kapena kusamalira. Makolo omwe ali ndi makolo ogwirizana amatha kuvomereza makonzedwe osamalira ana. Malamulowa ali ndi mapangano a momwe makolo angagawire ntchito yosamalira ndi kulera. Ngati kholo limodzi lokha lili ndi ulamuliro wa makolo, izi zimatchulidwa kuti makonzedwe olumikizirana. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kholo lomwe lilibe ulamuliro wa makolo limatha kupitiliza kuwona mwana, koma khololo siliri ndi udindo womusamalira komanso kumulera.

Kupanga dongosolo la kulera

Pochita izi, nthawi zambiri zimachitika kuti makolo sangathe kupanga mapangano onena za anawo kenako nkujambulira izi mu dongosolo la makolo. Ngati mukulephera kupanga mapangano ndi wokondedwa wanu wakale za chisudzulo chakutha kwa ukwati, mutha kuyimbira foni mothandizidwa ndi owerenga athu odziwa zambiri kapena oyimira pakati. Tidzakhala okondwa kukuthandizani kupangira upangiri ndi kulera.

Kusintha dongosolo la kulera

Ndi mwambo kuti njira zolerera ana ziyenera kusinthidwa pambuyo pa zaka zingapo. Kupatula apo, ana akukula mosalekeza ndipo zochitika zokhudzana ndi iwo zimatha kusintha. Ganizirani mwachitsanzo za momwe kholo lina lingakhalire osagwira ntchito, kusuntha nyumba, ndi zina. Chifukwa chake mwina chikhala chanzeru kuvomereza pasadakhale kuti dongosolo la kulera, mwachitsanzo, lidzawunikiridwa zaka ziwiri zilizonse ndikusintha ngati pakufunika kutero.

Chisoni

Kodi muli ndi ana ndi mnzanu ndipo mukuwonongeka? Ndiye kuti udindo wanu wokonzera ana anu umatsala. Zilibe kanthu kuti munakwatirana kapena mukukhala yekhayo ndi bwenzi lanu lakale. Kholo lililonse lili ndi udindo wosamalira bwino ana ake. Ngati ana akukhala kwambiri ndi bwenzi lanu lakale, mudzayenera kupereka nawo gawo pakusamalira ana. Muli ndi udindo wokonza. Udindo wothandizira ana umatchedwa kuthandiza kwa mwana. Kusamalira ana kumapitilira mpaka ana atakwanitsa zaka 21.

Osachepera kuchuluka kwa chithandizo cha ana

Kuchuluka kwa chithandizo cha mwana ndi ma euro 25 pa mwana mwezi. Ndalamazi zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati wokongoza ali ndi ndalama zochepa.

Kuchuluka kwa chithandizo cha ana

Palibe kuchuluka kokwanira kothandizira mwana. Izi zimatengera ndalama zomwe makolo onse amakhala nazo komanso zosowa za mwana. Ammony sadzakhala okwera kuposa chosowa ichi.

Kukhazikitsa kwa ana

Kuchuluka kwa chithandizo cha mwana kumakwera chaka chilichonse. Unduna wa Zachilungamo umasankha chaka chilichonse kuti athandizi a mwana amapita. Pochita izi, amatchedwa indexation of alimony. Kuzindikiritsa ndikofunikira. Munthu amene amalipira alimony amayenera kuwerengera izi mu Januware. Izi zikapanda kuchitika, kholo lomwe limayenerera kusamalira likhoza kuyitanitsa kusiyana kwake. Kodi ndinu kholo lomwe limalandira alimony ndipo mnzanu wakale amakana kuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa alimony? Chonde funsani loya athu odziwa malamulo. Atha kukuthandizani kuti mulembe mayendedwe ake. Izi zitha kuchitika mpaka zaka zisanu zapitazo.

Kuchotsera

Ngati simuli kholo lomasamala, koma khalani ndi makonzedwe otanthauza kuti anawo amakhala nanu pafupipafupi, ndiye kuti ndinu oyenera kuchotsedwedwa. Kuchotsera kuchotsedwa pamathandizo amwana omwe amalipira. Kuchuluka kwa kuchotsera kumeneku kumatengera kakonzedwe kazoyendera ndipo kuli pakati pa 15 peresenti ndi 35 peresenti. Mukamacheza kwambiri ndi mwana wanu, muchepetse kuchuluka kwa maimony kulipira. Izi ndichifukwa mumabweretsa ndalama zambiri ngati ana ali nanu pafupipafupi.

Ana oposa 18

Udindo wokonzera ana anu umakhala mpaka atakwanitsa zaka 21. Kuyambira wazaka 18 mwana ndi wazaka zazing'ono. Kuyambira pamenepo, simulandiranso chilichonse chokhudzana ndi wokondedwa wanu wakale monga momwe akukonzera ana. Komabe, ngati mwana wanu ali ndi zaka 18 ndipo asiya sukulu, chimenecho ndi chifukwa chosiya kuyimira mwana. Ngati sapita kusukulu, amatha kupita kuntchito yonse ndikudzipezera zofunikira pa moyo wake.

Sinthani alimony

Mwakutero, mapangano omwe aperekedwa pankhani yokonza ana akupitilizabe kugwila ntchito mpaka anawo ali ndi zaka 21. Ngati china chake chasintha pakadali pano chomwe chikukhudza kulipira kwanu, thandizo lamwana lingasinthidwe moyenerera. Mutha kuganiza zotaya ntchito, kulandira zochulukirapo, njira ina yolumikizirana kapena kukwatiranso. Izi ndi zifukwa zonse zowerengera alimony. Oweruza athu odziwa ntchito amatha kudzipangira pawokha pazinthu ngati izi. Vuto lina ndikuyitanitsa wokambirana kuti abweretse mgwirizano watsopano. Okhalapakati odziwa ntchito pakampani yathu akhoza kukuthandizaninso ndi izi.

Kulera anzawo

Ana nthawi zambiri amapita kukakhala ndi kholo lawo atasudzulana. Koma amathanso kukhala osiyana. Ngati makolo onse angasankhe kulera ana awiriwiri, anawo amakhala ndi moyo ndi makolo onse awiri. Kulera makolo kumakhala kofanana nthawi zambiri makolo akagawana zosamalira ndi zoletsa pambuyo pa chisudzulo. Kenako anawo amakhala ngati bambo awo komanso amayi awo.

Kulankhulana bwino ndikofunikira

Makolonu oganiza zolera ana ayenera kukumbukira kuti amafunika kulankhulana pafupipafupi. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuti azitha kulankhulana wina ndi mnzake ngakhale atasudzulana, kuti kulumikizana kumatha kuyenda bwino.

Ana amakhala ndi nthawi yochulukirapo ndi kholo limodzi monga momwe limakhalira ndi wina m'njira yotereyi. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosangalatsa kwa ana. Ndi njira yolerera imeneyi, makolo onse amapeza zambiri pa moyo watsiku ndi tsiku wa mwana. Ndilinso mwayi waukulu.

Makolo asanayambe kulera ana, ayenera kuvomerezana pazinthu zingapo zothandiza komanso zachuma. Zigwirizano za izi zitha kuphatikizidwa mu dongosolo la kulera.

Kugawa kosamalira sikuyenera kukhala ndendende 50/50

Pochita izi, kulera ana nthawi zambiri kumakhala kofanana kugawa chisamaliro. Mwachitsanzo, ana ali ndi masiku atatu ndi kholo limodzi ndipo masiku anayi ndi kholo linalo. Chifukwa chake sikofunikira kuti kufalitsa chisamaliro kuli ndendende 50/50. Ndikofunikira kuti makolo aziwona zenizeni. Izi zikutanthauza kuti gawo la 30/70 lingathenso kuonedwa ngati makonzedwe a kholo limodzi.

Kugawa mitengo

Chiwembu chogwiritsa ntchito makolo siogwirizana ndi malamulo. Mwakutero, makolo amapanga mapangano awo okhudza zomwe amagawana komanso zomwe sangachite. Kusiyanitsa kungapangike pakati omwe mtengo ndi mtengo kugawidwa. Zolipira zanu amatanthauzidwa kuti ndalama zomwe banja lililonse limadzibweretsera. Zitsanzo ndi renti, mafoni komanso malo ogulitsa. Ndalama zomwe zidzagawidwe zimatha kuphatikizapo ndalama zomwe kholo limodzi limalolera ana. Mwachitsanzo: ma inshuwaransi, zolembetsa, zopereka kapena ndalama za sukulu.

Kulera ndi kulera

It is often thought that no alimony has to be paid in case of co-parenting. This thought is wrong. In co-parenting both parents have about the same costs for the children. If one of the parents has a higher income than the other, they can bear the costs of the children more easily. The person with the highest income is then expected to still pay some child support to the other parent. For this purpose, an alimony calculation can be made by one of our experienced family law lawyers. The parents can also agree on this together. Another possibility is to open a children’s account. To this account, the parents can make a pro rata monthly payment and, for example, the child benefit. Subsequently, the expenses for the children of this account can be made.

Kodi mukukonzekera kuthetsa banja ndipo mukufuna kukonzekera chilichonse komanso chokwanira kwa ana anu? Kapena mukuvutikirabe mavuto ndi kuthandizidwa ndi mwana kapena kulera naye limodzi atatha chisudzulo? Osazengereza kufunsa oweruza a Law & More. Tidzakhala osangalala kukulangizani ndikuwongolera.

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