Maimelo adilesi ndi kukula kwa GDPR. General Data Chitetezo

Pa 25th ya Meyi, General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) iyamba kugwira ntchito. Ndikukhazikitsa kwa GDPR, kuteteza zidziwitso zanu kumakhala kofunikira kwambiri. Makampani amayenera kuwerengera malamulo okhwima kwambiri pankhani yoteteza deta. Komabe, mafunso osiyanasiyana amabwera chifukwa chokhazikitsa GDPR. Kwa makampani, mwina sizingadziwike kuti ndi ziti zomwe zimawerengedwa kuti ndizachinsinsi ndipo zimakhala pansi pa gawo la GDPR. Izi ndizomwe zimachitika ndi ma adilesi amaimelo: kodi adilesi ya imelo imawonedwa ngati chidziwitso chaumwini? Kodi makampani omwe amagwiritsa ntchito maimelo amatengera GDPR? Mafunso awa ayankhidwa m'nkhaniyi.

Deta yanu

Kuti muyankhe funso ngati imelo imawonedwa kuti ndiyachidziwitso chaumwini, mawu akuti zomwe mukufuna kudziwa amafunika kutanthauziridwa. Mawuwa amafotokozedwa mu GDPR. Kutengera ndi gawo 4 la GDPR, zidziwitso zanu zimatanthauza chilichonse chokhudza munthu wachilengedwe yemwe amadziwika kapena wodziwika. Munthu wachilengedwe wodziwika ndi munthu yemwe angadziwike, mwachindunji kapena m'njira zina, makamaka potchula dzina monga dzina, nambala yodziwitsa, malo okhalapo kapena chizindikiritso chapaintaneti. Zambiri zimakamba za anthu achilengedwe. Chifukwa chake, zambiri zokhudzana ndi anthu omwe adamwalira kapena mabungwe azovomerezeka sizimawerengedwa kuti ndiwanthu.

Maimelo adilesi ndi kukula kwa GDPR

 

Imelo adilesi

Now that the definition of personal data is determined, it needs to be assed if an email address is considered to be personal data. Dutch case law indicates that email addresses could possibly be personal data, but that this is not always the case. It depends whether or not a natural person is identified or identifiable based on the email address.[1] The way persons have structured their email addresses has to be taken into account in order to determine whether the email address can be seen as personal data or not. A lot of natural persons structure their email address in such a way that the address has to be considered personal data. This is for example the case when an email address is structured in the following way: firstname.lastname@gmail.com. This email address exposes the first and last name of the natural person that uses the address. Therefore, this person can be identified based on this email address. Email addresses that are used for business activities could also contain personal data. This is the case when an e-mail address is structured in the following way: initials.lastname@nameofcompany.com. From this email address can be derived what the initials of the person using the email address are, what his last name is and where this person works. Therefore, the person using this email address is identifiable based on the email address.

An email address is not considered to be personal data when no natural person can be identified from it. This is the case when for example the following email address is used: puppy12@hotmail.com. This email address does not contain any data from which a natural person can be identified. General email addresses that are used by companies, like info@nameofcompany.com, are also not considered to be personal data. This email address does not contain any personal information from which a natural person can be identified. Moreover, the email address is not used by a natural person, but by a legal entity. Therefore, it is not considered to be personal data. From Dutch case law can be concluded that email addresses can be personal data, but this is not always the case; it depends of the structure of the email address.

Pali mwayi waukulu kuti anthu achilengedwe atha kudziwika ndi imelo yomwe akugwiritsa ntchito, zomwe zimapangitsa maimelo kukhala ndi zidziwitso zawo. Kuti muwerenge ma adilesi amaimelo ngati zidziwitso zaumwini, zilibe kanthu ngati kampaniyo imagwiritsadi ntchito maimelo kuti adziwe ogwiritsa ntchito. Ngakhale kampani sigwiritsa ntchito maimelo ndi cholinga chodziwitsa anthu achilengedwe, maimelo omwe anthu achilengedwe angazindikiridwe kuti ndiwanthu. Sikuti kulumikizana kulikonse mwangozi kapena mwangozi pakati pa munthu ndi deta ndikokwanira kuti tisankhe zidziwitsozo. Komabe, ngati kuthekera kulipo kuti maimelo angagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti adziwe ogwiritsa ntchito, mwachitsanzo kuti azindikire zachinyengo, maimelo amaimelo amawerengedwa kuti ndiwanthu. Pachifukwa ichi, zilibe kanthu kuti kampaniyo ikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito maimelo kapena ayi. Lamuloli limalankhula zaumwini pakadakhala zotheka kuti zidziwitsozo zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazolinga zomwe zimazindikiritsa munthu wachilengedwe. [2]

Zambiri zapadera

Ngakhale ma adilesi amaimelo amawerengedwa kuti ndi achinsinsi nthawi zambiri, sizomwe zimakhala zachinsinsi. Zambiri zapadera ndiumwini zomwe zikuwulula za mafuko kapena mafuko, malingaliro andale, zikhulupiriro zachipembedzo kapena nthanthi kapena umembala wamalonda, ndi zambiri za majini kapena biometric. Izi zimachokera ku Article 9 GDPR. Komanso adilesi ya imelo imakhala ndi zidziwitso zochepa zapagulu kuposa mwachitsanzo adilesi yakunyumba. Ndizovuta kwambiri kudziwa maimelo a munthu wina kuposa adilesi yakunyumba ndipo zimadalira gawo lalikulu laogwiritsa ntchito imeloyo ngati imelo iwonetsedwa pagulu. Kuphatikiza apo, kupezeka kwa imelo yomwe ikadayenera kubisala, kuli ndi zovuta zochepa kuposa kupeza adilesi yakunyumba yomwe ikadakhala yobisika. Ndikosavuta kusintha imelo kuposa adilesi yakunyumba ndikupezeka kwa imelo kungapangitse kulumikizana ndi digito, pomwe kupezeka kwa adilesi yakunyumba kungayambitse kulumikizana ndi anthu. [3]

Kukonzekera kwaumwini

Takhazikitsa kuti maimelo amaimelo amawerengedwa kuti ndi achinsinsi nthawi zambiri. Komabe, GDPR imagwira ntchito pamakampani omwe akukonzekera zidziwitso zawo. Kusintha kwa zidziwitso zaumwini kumachitika pazochitika zilizonse zokhudzana ndi zomwe munthu ali nazo. Izi zikufotokozedwanso mu GDPR. Malinga ndi nkhani 4 sub 2 GDPR, kukonza deta yanu kumatanthauza kuti ntchito iliyonse yomwe imagwiridwa ndi inu, kaya mwanjira zodziwikiratu. Zitsanzo ndi kusonkhanitsa, kujambula, kukonza, kukonza, kusunga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zidziwitso zanu. Makampani akamagwira ntchito zomwe zatchulidwazi pokhudzana ndi maimelo, akukonza zinsinsi zawo. Zikatero, ali pansi pa GDPR.

Kutsiliza

Si maimelo onse omwe amadziwika kuti ndiwanthu. Komabe, maimelo amaimelo amawerengedwa kuti ndi achinsinsi pomwe amapereka chidziwitso chokhudza munthu wachilengedwe. Maimelo ambiri adapangidwa m'njira kuti munthu wachilengedwe yemwe amagwiritsa ntchito imelo adziwe. Izi zimachitika pomwe imelo imakhala ndi dzina kapena malo antchito a munthu wachilengedwe. Chifukwa chake, ma adilesi ambiri amaimelo adzawerengedwa kuti ndiwokha. Zimakhala zovuta kuti makampani azitha kusiyanitsa pakati pa ma imelo omwe amawerengedwa kuti ndi achinsinsi ndi ma adilesi omwe sali, chifukwa izi zimadalira kwathunthu momwe imelo ilili. Chifukwa chake, ndibwino kunena kuti makampani omwe amakonza zinsinsi zawo, adzakumana ndi ma adilesi amaimelo omwe amadziwika kuti ndi achinsinsi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti makampaniwa akuyenera kutsatira GDPR ndipo akuyenera kutsatira mfundo zachinsinsi zomwe zikugwirizana ndi GDPR.

[1] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

[2] Kamerstukken II 1979/80, 25 892, 3 (MvT).

[3] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

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