Zala zakuphwanya kuphwanya GDPR

Munthawi yamakono yomwe tikukhalayi, zimakonda kugwiritsa ntchito zala ngati njira yodziwitsira, mwachitsanzo: kuvula foni yam'manja ndi chala. Koma bwanji za kukhala pawekha ngati sizikuchitikanso pazinthu zachinsinsi pomwe pali anthu odzipereka? Kodi chizindikiritso chala chogwirizana ndi ntchito chikhoza kukhala chokhazikika pamalingaliro a chitetezo? Kodi bungwe lingathe kukakamiza antchito ake kuti azilemba pamanja, mwachitsanzo, kuti athe kupeza chitetezo? Ndipo udindo wotere umagwirizana bwanji ndi malamulo achinsinsi?

Zala zakuphwanya kuphwanya GDPR

Zala monga zofunikira mwapadera

Funso lomwe tiyenera kudzifunsa apa, ndikuti kaya kusanthula chala kumagwiranso ntchito monga chidziwitso chaumwini malinga ndi tanthauzo la General Data Protection Regulation. Zolemba zala ndi chidziwitso chaumwini chomwe chimachokera pakukonza kwamachitidwe amunthu mwakuthupi, kwakuthupi kapena kakhalidwe.[1] Zambiri za biometric zitha kuonedwa ngati chidziwitso chokhudzana ndi munthu wachilengedwe, popeza ndizambiri zomwe, mwachilengedwe, zimapereka chidziwitso kwa munthu wina. Pogwiritsa ntchito ma biometric data monga chala chala, munthuyo amatha kuzindikirika ndipo amatha kusiyanitsidwa ndi munthu wina. Mu Article 4 GDPR izi zikuwatsimikizidwanso momveka bwino ndi zomasulira.[2]

Kuzindikiritsa chala kumakhala kuphwanya chinsinsi?

Khothi la Subdistrict Amsterdam posachedwapa lagamula pa kuvomerezeka kwa kujambulidwa chala ngati chizindikiritso chokhazikika pamalamulo azachitetezo.

Makina ogulitsa nsapato Manfield adagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yovomerezeka ya chala, yomwe idapatsa ogwira ntchito mwayi wopeza ndalama.

Malinga ndi Manfield, kugwiritsa ntchito chizindikiritso chala ndiye njira yokhayo yopezera ndalama zolembetsera ndalama. Zinali zofunikira, mwazinthu zina, kuteteza zidziwitso zachuma za ogwira ntchito komanso zambiri zawo. Njira zina sizinayeneranso kubera mwachinyengo. M'modzi mwa ogwira ntchito m'bungweli adakana kugwiritsa ntchito zala zake. Adatenga njira yovomerezekayi ngati kuphwanya chinsinsi chake, potengera nkhani 9 ya GDPR. Malinga ndi nkhaniyi, kusanthula kwa biometric data kuti cholinga chodziwika bwino cha munthu ndikosaloledwa.

Zofunikira

Kuletsaku sikugwira ntchito pomwe kukonzanso kuli kofunikira kuti zitsimikizidwe kapena chitetezo. Chidwi chabizinesi ya Manfield chinali kupewa kuchepa kwa ndalama chifukwa cha achinyengo. Khothi la Subdistrict lidakana apilo ya olemba anzawo ntchito. Kuchita bizinesi ya Manfield sikunapangitse dongosololi kukhala 'lofunikira kutsimikizika kapena chitetezo', monga tafotokozera mu Gawo 29 la GDPR Implementation Act. Zachidziwikire, Manfield ali ndi ufulu wochita zachinyengo, koma izi sizingachitike motsutsana ndi zomwe GDPR idapereka. Kuphatikiza apo, olemba anzawo ntchito sanapatse kampani yawo chitetezo china chilichonse. Kafukufuku wosakwanira adachitika m'njira zina zovomerezeka; Ganizirani za kugwiritsa ntchito chiphaso cholowera kapena nambala yamawerengero, ngakhale kuphatikiza zonse ziwiri. Wolemba ntchitoyo sanayese bwino zaubwino ndi zovuta za mitundu yosiyanasiyana yazachitetezo ndipo sanathe kumulimbikitsa mokwanira chifukwa chake amakonda njira yosankhira zala. Makamaka chifukwa cha izi, olemba anzawo ntchito analibe ufulu wololeza kugwiritsa ntchito njira yolozera zala kwa ogwira ntchito pamaziko a GDPR Implementation Act.

Ngati mukufuna kukhazikitsa njira yatsopano yotetezera, iyenera kuwunikiridwa ngati machitidwe oterowo ali ololedwa pansi pa GDPR ndi Lamulo la Kukwaniritsa. Ngati pali mafunso, chonde lemberani azamalamulo pa Law & More. Tikuyankha mafunso anu ndikupatseni chithandizo chalamulo ndi chidziwitso.

[1] https://autoriteitpersoonsgegevens.nl/nl/onderwerpen/identificatie/biometrie

[2] ECLI: NL: RBAMS: 2019: 6005

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