Mpanda wabwino umakhala oyandikana nawo abwino - maboma amachita pakagwiritsidwe ka intaneti ndikutukuka kwa ukadaulo ndi intaneti

Introduction

Ena a inu mwina mukudziwa kuti monga chizolowezi changa ndimasindikiza mabuku omasulira kuchokera ku ziyankhulo za kum'mawa kwa Europe kupita mchingerezi ndi Chidatchi - http://www.glagoslav.com. Chimodzi mwazomwe ndidafalitsa posachedwa ndi buku lolembedwa ndi loya wotchuka waku Russia a Anatoly Kucherena, omwe akhala akugwira mlandu wa a Snowden ku Russia. Wolembayo adalemba buku kutengera nkhani yowona ya kasitomala wake a Edward Snowden - Time of the Octopus, yomwe yakhala maziko a script ya kanema waposachedwa kwambiri waku Hollywood "Snowden" motsogozedwa ndi Oliver Stone mtsogoleri wamkulu waku US ku America.

Edward Snowden adadziwika kwambiri chifukwa chokhala wolemba malikhweru, akumatulutsa zinsinsi zambiri zonena za "ntchito zaukazitape" za CIA, NSA ndi GCHQ kwa atolankhani. Kanemayo pakati pa ena akuwonetsa kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu ya 'PRISM', momwe NSA imatha kulumikizira kulumikizana kwakukulu pamlingo waukulu popanda chilolezo cham'manja. Anthu ambiri adzawona zochitikazi ngati zazitali ndikuzifotokoza ngati chithunzi cha zochitika zaku America. Zowona zamalamulo zomwe tikukhala zikuwonetsa zosiyana. Zomwe ambiri sakudziwa ndikuti zochitika zofananazi zimachitika nthawi zambiri kuposa momwe mukuganizira. Ngakhale ku Netherlands. Momwemonso, pa Disembala 20, 2016 Nyumba Yoyimira ku Dutch idapereka chikalata chokhudza chinsinsi cha "Computercriminaliteit III" ("Cybercrime III").

Computercriminaliteit III

Lamulo la Computercriminaliteit III, lomwe likufunikirabe kupitilizidwa ndi Nyumba Yamalamulo ya ku Netherlands ndipo ambiri amapempherera kuti lisiyike, liyenera kupatsa apolisi ofufuza (apolisi, Royal Constabulary ngakhale oyang'anira apadera monga FIOD) kuthekera fufuzani (mwachitsanzo, kukopera, kuwonera, kulandila ndi kupanga zidziwitso zosafikika pa) 'makina ogwiritsa ntchito' kapena 'zida zamakompyuta' (za anthu wamba: zida monga makompyuta ndi mafoni) kuti muwone milandu yayikulu. Malinga ndi boma zikuwoneka kuti ndizofunikira kupatsa ofufuzawo mwayi wokhoza - mosapita m'mbali - kuzonda nzika zake popeza masiku ano zapangitsa kuti umbanda usakhale wovuta chifukwa chakuwonjezera kudziwika kwa digito komanso kusungidwa kwa deta. Chikumbutso chofotokozedwa chokhudzana ndi bilu, yomwe ndi kovuta kuwerengera masamba a masamba 114, adalongosola zolinga zisanu pazifukwa zomwe magulu ofufuza angagwiritsidwe ntchito:

  • Kukhazikitsidwa ndi kujambula kwazinthu zina zogwiritsa ntchito kompyuta kapena wogwiritsa ntchito, monga dzina kapena malo: makamaka, izi zikutanthauza kuti ofufuza ofufuza amatha kupeza makompyuta, ma routers ndi mafoni mwachinsinsi kuti athe kupeza zambiri monga adilesi ya IP kapena nambala ya IMEI.
  • Kujambulitsa zomwe zasungidwa mu kompyuta: ofufuza atha kujambula zomwe zikufunika kuti 'zitsimikizike zowonadi' ndikuthana ndi milandu yayikulu. Wina angaganize zojambula za zithunzi zolaula za ana ndi malowedwe a madera otsekedwa.
  • Kupangitsa kuti deta isapezeke: kudzakhala kotheka kupanga deta yomwe mlandu unachitikira kuti usapezeke pofuna kuthetsa umbanda kapena kupewa milandu mtsogolo. Malinga ndi memorandamu yofotokozera, izi zitha kuthana ndi zotchinga motere.
  • Kukhazikitsidwa kwa chidziwitso chololeza ndikulemba (zinsinsi) zoyankhulana: munthawi zina zitha kutheka ndikulemba zinsinsi (zachinsinsi) ndi mgwirizano kapena popanda mgwirizano ndi omwe amapereka.
  • Kukhazikitsa chilolezo choti chiwonetsedwe mwadongosolo: apolisi ofufuza apeza mwayi wokhoza kudziwa komwe kuli ndikuyang'anira mayendedwe ake, mwina mwakukhazikitsa pulogalamu yapadera pamakina apakompyuta.

Anthu omwe amakhulupirira kuti mphamvuzi zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kuli milandu yapaintaneti sakhumudwitsidwa. Mphamvu zofufuzira monga zafotokozedwera poyambirira komanso pomaliza zipolopolo ziwiri monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kuli milandu yomwe ikumaloledwa kwakanthawi, komwe kumachitika chifukwa chalamulo lomwe lamuloli limakhala zaka 4. Mphamvu zofufuzira zolumikizidwa ndi cholinga chachiwiri ndi chachitatu zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati pamakhala milandu yomwe lamuloli limalamula kuti akhale m'ndende zaka 8. Kuphatikiza apo, dongosolo lonse ku khonsolo litha kuwonetsa mlandu, womwe umachitika pogwiritsa ntchito makina omwe ndiwodziwikiratu kuti kupalamula kumatha ndipo omwe adazunzidwayo aweruzidwa. Mwamwayi, kulowererapo kwa ntchito zokhazokha kumatha kuvomerezedwa pokhapokha ngati wokayikirayo akugwiritsa ntchito chipangizocho.

Malamulo

Momwe msewu waku gehena umapangidwira ndi zolinga zabwino, kuyang'aniridwa moyenera sikungokhala kopitilira muyeso. Mphamvu zofufuzira zoperekedwa ndi bilu zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mobisa, koma pempho logwiritsa ntchito chida chotere lingaperekedwe ndi wotsutsa. Chilolezo cha woweruza woyang'anira chisanachitike chikufunika ndipo "Centrale Toetsingscommissie" wa Dipatimenti Yotsutsa Anthu amawunika momwe chida chikugwiritsidwira ntchito. Kuphatikiza apo, ndipo monga tanenera poyamba, pali lamulo loletsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zachiwawa ndi chilango chochepa cha zaka 4 kapena 8. Mulimonsemo, zofunikira pakulingana komanso kuthandizira ena ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa, komanso zofunikira komanso zofunikira pakutsata.

Zatsopano zina

Mbali yofunika kwambiri pa Bill Computercriminaliteit III tsopano yakambidwa. Ndazindikira kuti atolankhani ambiri, pakulira kwawo pamavuto, amaiwala kukambirana mitu iwiri yofunika kwambiri ya bil. Choyamba ndikuti biluyi iperekanso mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito 'nyambo achinyamata' kuti tipeze omwe akukonzekera. Okonzekeretsa amatha kuwoneka ngati mtundu wa digito wa anyamata okonda; Kusaka kugonana ndi ana. Kuphatikiza apo, kudzakhala kosavuta kutsutsa omwe alandila deta zobedwa ndi ogulitsa achinyengo omwe amapewa kupereka katundu kapena ntchito zomwe amapereka pa intaneti.

Zotsutsana ndi biluyi Computercriminaliteit III

Lamuloli likufuna kuwononga kwambiri chinsinsi cha nzika zaku Dutch. Kukula kwa lamuloli ndikokulira kosatha. Ndikhoza kuganiza zotsutsa zambiri, zomwe zingaphatikizepo mfundo yakuti poyang'ana kuchepa kwa zolakwa ndi chilango chochepa cha zaka 4, nthawi yomweyo amaganiza kuti izi zikuyimira malire oyenera ndipo nthawi zonse zimakhudza zolakwa zomwe choopsa mosakhululukidwa. Komabe, munthu amene mwadala adalowa m'banja lachiwiri ndikukana kudziwitsa mnzake, atha kulamulidwa kuti akhale zaka 6. Kuphatikiza apo, zitha kukhala choncho kuti munthu wokayikiridwa pamapeto pake akhale wopanda mlandu. Osati zokhazo zake zomwe zawunikiridwa bwino, komanso zikuwonekeranso za ena zomwe sizikugwirizana ndi mlandu womwe sanachite. Kupatula apo, makompyuta ndi mafoni akugwiritsidwa ntchito kulumikizana ndi abwenzi, abale, olemba anzawo ntchito ndi ena ambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, ndizokayikitsa ngati anthu omwe ali ndi udindo wovomereza ndikuyang'anira zopempha kutengera ndalamazo ali ndi chidziwitso chokwanira chokwaniritsa pempholi. Komabe, malamulo ngati amenewa amaoneka ngati oyenera masiku ano. Pafupifupi aliyense nthawi ina adakumana ndi zipsinjo pa intaneti komanso kusamvana kumatha kuthamanga kwambiri wina akagula tikiti yabodza pamsika wapaintaneti. Kuphatikiza apo, palibe amene angayembekezere kuti mwana wake angakumane ndi chithunzi cha iffy panthawi yomwe anali kusakatula tsiku ndi tsiku. Funso lidakalipo ngati bilu ya Computercriminaliteit III, ndi kuthekera kwake kwakukulu, ndiyo njira yoti ichitikire.

Kutsiliza

Bill Computercriminaliteit III akuwoneka kuti wasandulika choyipa china chake. Ndalamayi imapatsa akuluakulu ofufuza mphamvu zambiri kuti athe kupeza ntchito za makompyuta za omwe akuwakayikira. Mosiyana ndi zomwe zimachitika muzochitika za Snowden, biluyi imapereka chitetezo chambiri. Komabe, zikadali zokayikitsa ngati izi ndizokwanira kuti tipewe kulowererapo kwachinsinsi kwa nzika zaku Dutch komanso m'malo ovuta kwambiri kuti tipewe "Snowden 2.0" -affair kuti isachitike.

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