Gawo lopanda mpikisano: muyenera kudziwa chiyani?

Gawo losapikisana, lotsogozedwa ndi zaluso. 7: 653 ya Dutch Civil Code, ndi choletsa chachikulu cha ufulu wantchito wosankha ntchito yomwe olemba anzawo ntchito angaphatikizepo pangano la ntchito. Kupatula apo, izi zimalola wolemba ntchito kuti aletse wogwira ntchitoyo kuti ayambe kugwira ntchito pakampani ina, kaya ali mgawo lomwelo, kapena kuyambitsa kampani yake pambuyo poti mgwirizano watha. Mwanjira imeneyi, olemba ntchito amayesetsa kuteteza zokonda za kampani ndikusunga chidziwitso ndi chidziwitso pakampani, kuti zisagwiritsidwe ntchito kwina kapena ngati wodzilemba ntchito. Gawo lotere lingakhale ndi zotsatirapo zazikulu kwa wogwira ntchito. Kodi mwasaina mgwirizano wantchito wokhala ndi gawo losapikisana? Zikatero, izi sizikutanthauza kuti olemba anzawo ntchito akhoza kukugwirani ntchitoyi. Woyimira nyumba wapanga malo angapo oyambira ndikutuluka m'njira kuti athetse nkhanza zomwe zingachitike. Mu blog iyi timakambirana zomwe muyenera kudziwa za gawo losapikisana.

Gawo lopanda mpikisano: muyenera kudziwa chiyani?

zokwaniritsa

Poyamba, ndikofunikira kudziwa nthawi yomwe olemba anzawo ntchito angaphatikizepo gawo losapikisana ndipo ngati lili loyenera. Gawo losapikisana limangokhala lovomerezeka polemba ndi wamkulu wogwira ntchito amene walowa mu mgwirizano wa ntchito ya nthawi yopanda malire (kupatula kosungidwa).

  1. Mfundo yayikulu ndiyakuti palibe gawo losapikisana lomwe lingaphatikizidwe pangano la ntchito kwakanthawi. Pokhapokha ngati pali bizinesi zokakamiza zomwe olemba anzawo ntchito amawalimbikitsa, gawo losapikisana limaloledwa mgulu la ntchito kwakanthawi. Popanda zolimbikitsa, gawo losapikisana limakhala lopanda pake ndipo ngati wogwira ntchitoyo akuwona kuti zomwe akuchita sizokwanira, zitha kuperekedwa kukhothi. Zoyeserera ziyenera kuperekedwa ntchito yomaliza ikatha ndipo sangapatsidwe pambuyo pake.
  2.  Kuphatikiza apo, gawo losapikisana liyenera kukhala, kutengera luso. 7: 653 BW ndime 1 sub b, polemba (kapena imelo). Lingaliro loti izi zitheke kuti wogwira ntchitoyo kenako amvetsetse zotsatirapo zake komanso kufunikira kwake ndikuwunikiranso bwino nkhaniyi. Ngakhale chikalatacho chidasainidwa (mwachitsanzo mgwirizano wantchito) chikunena za gawo lomwe likupezeka pantchito lomwe lamulolo lili gawo, zofunikirazo zimakwaniritsidwa, ngakhale wogwira ntchito sanasaine dongosololi padera. Gawo losapikisana lophatikizidwa mu Mgwirizano Wogwirira Ntchito kapena momwe zinthu ziliri sizovomerezeka mwalamulo pokhapokha kuzindikira ndi kuvomereza kungaganizidwe mwanjira yomwe yangotchulidwayi.
  3. Ngakhale achichepere azaka zakubadwa khumi ndi zisanu ndi chimodzi atha kulowa nawo mgwirizano wantchito, wogwira ntchito ayenera kukhala ndi zaka zosachepera khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu kuti alowe nawo gawo losavomerezeka. 

Zolemba pamipikisano

Ngakhale gawo lirilonse lopanda mpikisano limasiyana malinga ndi gawo, zokonda zomwe akukhudzidwa ndi wolemba ntchito, pali mfundo zingapo zomwe zimaphatikizidwa ndimagulu ambiri osapikisana.

  • Kutalika. Kawirikawiri amatchulidwa m'ndime kuti zaka zingati makampani opikisana pantchito akuletsedwa, izi zimafika zaka 1 mpaka 2. Ngati malire osakwanira aikidwa, izi zitha kusinthidwa ndi woweruza.
  • Zomwe zaletsedwa. Wolemba ntchito atha kusankha kumuletsa wantchito kuti agwire nawo ntchito mpikisano, koma atha kutchulanso omwe akupikisana nawo kapena akuwonetsa utali wozungulira kapena komwe wogwira ntchito sangachite ntchito yofananayo. Nthawi zambiri amafotokozedwanso mtundu wa ntchito yomwe singagwire.
  • Zotsatira zakuphwanya lamuloli. Mutuwu nthawi zambiri umakhalanso ndi zotsatira zophwanya gawo losapikisana. Izi nthawi zambiri zimaphatikizapo chindapusa cha kuchuluka kwakanthawi. Nthawi zambiri, amakhalanso ndi chilango: ndalama zomwe zimayenera kulipidwa tsiku lililonse pomwe wogwira ntchitoyo aphwanya malamulo.

Chiwonongeko cha woweruza

Woweruza amatsatira luso. 7: 653 ya Dutch Civil Code, ndime 3, kuthekera kochotsa chigamulo chosapikisana chonse kapena pang'ono ngati zikuphatikiza kusowa kwa nzeru kwa wogwira ntchito zomwe ndizosagwirizana ndi zofuna za olemba anzawo ntchito kuti azitetezedwa. Kutalika, dera, malingaliro ndi kuchuluka kwa chindapusa kumatha kuyang'aniridwa ndi woweruza. Izi ziphatikizira kukulitsa zofuna ndi woweruza, zomwe zidzasiyana malinga ndi momwe zinthu zilili.

Zochitika zokhudzana ndi Zokonda za wogwira ntchito omwe amatenga nawo mbali ndi msika wantchito monga kuchepa mwayi pamsika wa ntchito, koma zochitika zaumwini zitha kuganiziridwanso.

Zochitika zokhudzana ndi Zokonda za abwana omwe amatenga nawo mbali ndi luso lapadera ndi mikhalidwe ya wogwira ntchito komanso kufunika kwakubwera kwa bizinesi. Mwachizoloŵezi, izi zimabwera ku funso ngati kayendetsedwe ka bizinesi ya kampaniyo kadzakhudzidwa, ndipo zatsimikiziridwa motsimikiza kuti chigamulo chosapikisana sichiyenera kusunga antchito mkati mwa kampani. 'Kungoti wogwira ntchito adziwa zambiri komanso akudziwa momwe akugwirira ntchito sikutanthauza kuti bizinesi ya abwana ake idakhudzidwa pomwe wogwira ntchitoyo achoka, kapenanso pomwe amapita kukapikisana naye. . ' (Hof Arnhem-Leeuwarden 24-09-2019, ECLI: NL: GHARL: 2019: 7739) Kuyenda kwamabizinesi kumakhudzidwa ngati wogwira ntchitoyo akudziwa zofunikira pazamalonda komanso mwaluso kapena njira zina zogwirira ntchito ndipo atha kugwiritsa ntchito izi chidziwitso chopindulira womulemba ntchito watsopano, kapena, mwachitsanzo, pamene wogwirayo amakhala ndi kulumikizana kwabwino komanso kwakukulu ndi makasitomala kuti atha kusinthana ndi iye ndikupikisana naye.

Kutalika kwa mgwirizanowu, komwe kunayambitsa kuchotsedwa ntchito, komanso udindo wa wogwira ntchito ndi omwe adawalembapo kale kumaganizidwanso pomwe khothi liziwona kuvomerezeka kwa gawo losapikisana.

Zochita zoyipa kwambiri

Gawo lopanda mpikisano, malinga ndi zaluso. 7: 653 ya Dutch Civil Code, ndime 4, sikuyimira ngati kuthetsedwa kwa mgwirizano wa ntchito chifukwa cha zochita kapena zolakwika zazikulu za olemba anzawo ntchito, izi sizingakhale choncho. Mwachitsanzo, zinthu zazikulu kapena zochotseredwa zimakhalapo ngati olemba anzawo ntchito ali ndi tsankho, sakwaniritsa zomwe ayenera kubwezeretsedwazo ngati wodwalayo wadwala kapena atasamalidwa mosakwanira kuti akhale otetezeka komanso athanzi.

Muyeso wa Brabant / Van Uffelen

Zakhala zikuwonekera kuchokera ku chigamulo cha Brabant / Uffelen kuti ngati pangakhale kusintha kwakukulu pamgwirizano wa ntchito, gawo losapikisana liyenera kusayinidwanso ngati gawo lomwe silipikisana limakhala lolemetsa chifukwa chake. Zinthu zotsatirazi zimawonedwa mukamagwiritsa ntchito muyeso wa Brabant / Van Uffelen:

  1. okhwima;
  2. zosawonekeratu;
  3. kusintha;
  4. Zotsatira zake zomwe gawo lopanda mpikisano lakhala lolemetsa kwambiri

'Kusintha kwakukulu' kuyenera kutanthauziridwa kwathunthu ndipo sikuyenera kungokhudza kusintha kwa magwiridwe antchito. Komabe, pakuchita muyezo wachinayi nthawi zambiri samakwaniritsidwa. Izi ndi zomwe zidachitika, mwachitsanzo, pamilandu yopanda mpikisano idati wogwira ntchitoyo saloledwa kugwirira ntchito mpikisano (ECLI: NL: GHARN: 2012: BX0494). Popeza wogwira ntchitoyo anali atapita patsogolo kuchokera kumakaniko kupita kwa wogulitsa pantchito panthawi yomwe anali kugwira ntchito pakampaniyo, lamuloli lidalepheretsa wogwira ntchitoyo chifukwa chakusintha kwa ntchito kuposa nthawi yolemba. Kupatula apo, mwayi wamsika wantchito tsopano unali wokulirapo kwa wogwira ntchito kuposa kale ngati makaniko.

Ndikofunikira kudziwa pano kuti nthawi zambiri gawo losapikisana limasinthidwa pang'ono, kutanthauza kuti lakhala lolemetsa kwambiri chifukwa chakusintha kwa magwiridwe antchito.

Gawo laubwenzi

Gawo losapempha limasiyanitsidwa ndi lomwe silopikisana, koma ndilofanana nalo. Pankhani yopanda kupempha, wogwira ntchito saloledwa kupita kukagwira ntchito kwa wopikisana naye atagwira ntchito, koma kulumikizana ndi makasitomala komanso ubale wa kampaniyo. Izi zimalepheretsa, mwachitsanzo, wogwira ntchito kuthamangitsidwa ndi makasitomala omwe adakwanitsa kupanga ubale wina nawo pantchito yake kapena kulumikizana ndi omwe amapereka bwino poyambitsa bizinesi yawo. Zomwe milandu yamipikisano yomwe tafotokozayi imagwiranso ntchito pagulu losapempha. Chigamulo chosapempha ndichofunikira ngati chingagwirizane polemba ndi wamkulu wogwira ntchito amene walowa mu mgwirizano wa ntchito ya nthawi yopanda malire ya nthawi.

Kodi mwasaina gawo losapikisana ndipo mukufuna kapena muli ndi ntchito yatsopano? Chonde nditumizireni Law & More. Maloya athu ndi akatswiri pankhani zamalamulo okhudza ntchito ndipo ndiosangalala kukuthandizani.

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