Kulamula pamlandu wokhudza Shell

Chigamulo cha Khothi Lachigawo ku The Hague pamlandu wa Milieudefensie motsutsana ndi Royal Dutch Shell PLC (pambuyo pake: 'RDS') ndichofunika kwambiri pamilandu yanyengo. Kwa Netherlands, ili ndi gawo lotsatira pambuyo poti chitsimikiziro chokhwima cha chigamulo cha Urgenda ndi Khothi Lalikulu, pomwe boma lidalamulidwa kuchepetsa mpweya wake mogwirizana ndi zolinga za Mgwirizano wa Paris. Kwa nthawi yoyamba, kampani ngati RDS tsopano ikuyenera kuchitapo kanthu polimbana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo. Nkhaniyi ifotokoza zomwe zikuluzikulu ndi tanthauzo la chigamulochi.

Kulamula pamlandu wokhudza Shell

Kuvomerezeka

Choyamba, kuvomerezeka kwa zonena ndikofunikira. Khothi lisanalowe munkalamulo, pempholi liyenera kuvomerezedwa. Khotilo lidagamula kuti zokhazokha zomwe zingathandize zofuna za mibadwomibadwo ya ku Netherlands ndi yomwe ingakhale yovomerezeka. Zochita izi, mosiyana ndi zomwe zimakwaniritsa zofuna za anthu padziko lapansi, zinali ndi chidwi chofananira mokwanira. Izi ndichifukwa choti zotsatira zomwe nzika zaku Dutch zidzakumana nazo pakusintha kwanyengo zimasiyana pang'ono poyerekeza ndi za anthu onse padziko lapansi. ActionAid siyimilira mokwanira zofuna za anthu achi Dutch ndi cholinga chake chadziko lonse lapansi. Chifukwa chake, zomwe akunenazi zidanenedwa kuti sizovomerezeka. Otsutsawo adalengezedwanso kuti ndi osavomerezeka pazomwe akunena, chifukwa sanawonetse chidwi chokwanira chovomerezeka kukhala chovomerezeka kuwonjezera pazonena zonse.

Zochitika pamlanduwu

Tsopano popeza ena mwa madandaulo omwe adasainidwa adavomerezedwa, khothi lidawayesa mozama. Pofuna kulola zomwe a Milieudefensie akuti RDS ikuyenera kukwaniritsa kutsitsa kwa 45%, Khothi loyambirira lidayenera kuzindikira kuti udindo woterewu ukhala pa RDS. Izi zimayenera kuyesedwa pamiyeso yazosungidwa zosamalidwa. 6: 162 DCC, momwe milandu yonse imathandizira. Zomwe Khothi lidaganizira zidaphatikizapo izi. RDS imakhazikitsa mfundo za gulu lonse la a Shell lomwe pambuyo pake limachitidwa ndi makampani ena mgululi. Gulu la a Shell, limodzi ndi omwe amapereka ndi makasitomala awo, ali ndi udindo wotulutsa mpweya wochuluka wa CO2, womwe ndi wapamwamba kuposa kutulutsa kwa mayiko angapo, kuphatikiza Netherlands. Kutulutsa kumeneku kumabweretsa kusintha kwa nyengo, zomwe zotsatira zake zimamvekedwa ndi nzika zaku Dutch (mwachitsanzo m'moyo wawo, komanso ngati chiopsezo chakuthupi chifukwa cha, mwazinthu zina, kukwera kwamadzi).

Ufulu waumunthu

Zotsatira zakusintha kwanyengo zomwe nzika zaku Dutch, pakati pa ena, zimakhudza ufulu wawo wachibadwidwe, makamaka ufulu wamoyo komanso ufulu wamabanja osasokonezedwa. Ngakhale ufulu wachibadwidwe umagwira pakati pa nzika ndi boma chifukwa chake palibe chofunikira pakampani, makampani ayenera kulemekeza ufuluwu. Izi zimagwiranso ntchito ngati mayiko alephera kuteteza kuphwanya malamulo. Ufulu waumunthu womwe makampani ayenera kulemekeza nawonso akuphatikizidwa lamulo lofewa zida monga Mfundo Zotsogolera za UN pa Bizinesi ndi Ufulu Wachibadwidwe, yovomerezedwa ndi RDS, ndi Malangizo a OECD a Mabungwe Amitundu Yambiri. Malingaliro omwe akupezeka pazida izi amathandizira kutanthauzira kwamankhwala osalembedwa pamaziko omwe udindo wa RDS ungaganizidwe, malinga ndi khothi.

chomangira

Kukakamizidwa kwamakampani kulemekeza ufulu wa anthu kumadalira kuopsa kwa zomwe amachita pazochita zaufulu wa anthu. Khotilo linaganiza izi pankhani ya RDS potengera zomwe tafotokozazi. Kuphatikiza apo, udindo woterewu usanachitike, nkofunikanso kuti kampani ikhale ndi mwayi wokwanira kuthana ndi izi. Khotilo linaganiza kuti ndi choncho chifukwa makampani ali ndi mphamvu mkati mwa zonsezi unyolo wamtengo wapatali: mkati mwa kampani / gulu palokha kudzera pakupanga mfundo komanso makasitomala ndi ogulitsa kudzera pakupereka zinthu ndi ntchito. Chifukwa chakuti mphamvuyo ndiyofunika kwambiri pakampani yomwe, RDS ili ndi udindo wopeza zotsatira. RDS iyenera kuyesetsa m'malo mwa omwe amapereka ndi makasitomala.

Khothi lidayesa kuchuluka kwa udindo wawo motere. Malinga ndi Mgwirizano ku Paris komanso malipoti a IPCC, zovomerezeka pakuwotha kutentha kwadziko zimangokhala 1.5 madigiri Celsius. Kuchepetsa komwe akuti akuti ndi 45%, pomwe 2019 ndi 0, zikugwirizana ndi khothi mokwanira mogwirizana ndi njira zochepetsera malinga ndi zomwe IPCC idanena. Chifukwa chake, izi zitha kutengedwa ngati gawo lochepetsa. Udindo woterewu ungakhazikitsidwe ndi khothi ngati RDS yalephera kapena ikuwopseza kuti ichita izi. Khotilo linanena kuti chomalizachi ndichomwecho, popeza mfundo za gululi sizokwanira kuthana ndi chiwopsezo chophwanya lamulo.

Kusankha ndi chitetezo

Khotilo lidalamula kuti a RDS ndi makampani ena omwe ali mgulu la a Shell achepetse kapena kupangitsa kuti muchepetse kuchuluka kwapafupipafupi kwa mpweya wonse wa CO2 mumlengalenga (Scope 1, 2 ndi 3) wogwirizana ndi bizinesi ya gulu la a Shell ndikugulitsa mphamvu- zokhala ndi zinthu m'njira yoti pofika kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2030 bukuli lidzakhala litachepetsedwa ndi ukonde wosachepera 45% poyerekeza ndi mulingo wa chaka cha 2019. Chitetezo cha RDS sichokwanira kulemera kwa lamuloli. Mwachitsanzo, khotilo lidaganizira zokambirana m'malo mwake, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti wina atenga mbali za gulu la a Shell ngati pakukakamizidwa kuchepetsa, kutsimikiziridwa mokwanira. Kuphatikiza apo, kuti RDS siyomwe imayambitsa kusintha kwanyengo sikuchotsera ma RDS pantchito yayikulu yoyesetsa ndi udindo wochepetsa kutentha kwadziko komwe khothi likuganiza.

zotsatira

Izi zikuwonetsanso zomwe zotsatira za chigamulochi zimakhudza makampani ena. Ngati ali ndi vuto la kutulutsa mpweya wambiri (mwachitsanzo, makampani ena amafuta ndi gasi), amathanso kupita nawo kukhothi ndikulamulidwa ngati kampaniyo sachita kuyeserera kokwanira pamalingaliro ake oletsa izi. Chiwopsezo chazovuta izi chimafuna mfundo zowongolera zocheperako mu unyolo wamtengo wapatali, mwachitsanzo, pakampani ndi gulu lomwelo komanso kwa makasitomala ndi omwe amapereka. Palamuloli, kuchepetsedwa kofananako monga chiwongola dzanja cha RDS chitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Chigamulo chodziwika bwino pamilandu yanyengo ya Milieudefensie motsutsana ndi RDS chili ndi zotsatirapo zazikulu, osati ku Gulu la Shell komanso makampani ena omwe amathandizira pakusintha kwanyengo. Komabe, zotsatirazi zitha kulungamitsidwa ndikufunika kwakanthawi kopewa kusintha kwa nyengo. Kodi muli ndi mafunso aliwonse okhudza chigamulochi komanso zomwe zingachitike ku kampani yanu? Kenako lemberani Law & More. Maloya athu ndiopanga malamulo azamakhalidwe aboma ndipo ali okondwa kukuthandizani.

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