Masiku ano, magulu aboma ndi akatswiri amalowa kwambiri mu mgwirizano wa digito kapena kukhazikitsa siginecha. Cholinga sichosiyana ndi kukhala ndi siginecha yolembedwa pamanja, mwachitsanzo, kumangirira maphwandowo kuudindo winawake chifukwa awonetsa kuti akudziwa zomwe zili mumgwirizanowu ndikuvomereza. Koma kodi siginecha ya digito ingapatsidwe mtengo wofanana ndi cholembedwa pamanja?
Kubwera kwa Dutch Electronic Signature Act, 3: 15a yawonjezeredwa ku Civil Code ndi zomwe zili motere: 'siginecha yamagetsi imakhala ndi zotsatirapo zalamulo monga siginecha (yonyowa)'. Izi zikuyenera kukwaniritsidwa kuti njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pakutsimikizika kwake ndiyodalirika. Ngati sichoncho, siginecha ya digito itha kulengezedwa kuti ndi yosavomerezeka ndi woweruza. Mlingo wodalirika umatanthauzanso cholinga kapena kufunika kwa mgwirizano. Mukakhala kuti ndikofunikira, kudalirika kumafunikira. Siginecha yamagetsi imatha kukhala mitundu itatu:
- The wamba siginecha digito. Fomuyi imaphatikizanso ndi siginecha yosankhidwa. Ngakhale mtundu uwu wa siginecha ndiosavuta kupanga, nthawi zina umatha kuonedwa kuti ndi wodalirika motero.
- The zotsogola digital signature. This form is accompanied by a system where a unique code is linked to the message. This is done by service providers such as DocuSign and SignRequest. Such a code cannot be used with a forged message. After all, this code is uniquely linked to the signer and makes it possible to identify the signer. This form of digital signature therefore has more guarantees than the ‘normal’ digital signature and can at least be regarded as sufficiently reliable and therefore legally valid.
- The ovomerezeka digital signature. This form of digital signature uses a qualified certificate. Qualified certificates are only issued to the holder by special authorities, which are recognized and registered by the Telecom supervisor Authority for Consumers and Markets, and under strict conditions. With such a certificate, the Electronic Signatures Act refers to an electronic confirmation that links data for verifying a digital signature to a specific person and confirms the identity of that person. The ‘sufficient reliability’ and thus the legal validity of the digital signature are guaranteed by means of such a qualified certificate.
Any form, like a handwritten signature, can thus be legally valid. Likewise agreeing by email, the normal digital signature can also establish a legally binding agreement. However, in terms of evidence, only the qualified digital signature is the same as the handwritten signature. Only this form of signature proves, because of the degree of reliability thereof, that the signatory’s statement of intent is undisputed and, like a handwritten signature, clarifies who and when is bound by the agreement. After all, the point is that the other party must be able to check that his other party is actually the person who has agreed to the contract. Therefore, in the case of a qualified digital signature, it is up to the other party to prove that such signature is not authentic. While the judge, in the case of an advanced digital signature, will assume that the signature is authentic, the signatory will carry the burden and the risk of proof in case of the ordinary digital signature.
Chifukwa chake, palibe kusiyana pakati pa digito ndi cholembedwa pamanja molingana ndi mtengo wovomerezeka. Komabe, izi ndizosiyana poyerekeza ndi umboni wa umboni. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa kuti siginecha ya digito yoyenera mgwirizano wanu ndi iti? Kapena kodi muli ndi mafunso ena pa siginecha ya digito? Chonde dziwani Law & More. Oweruza athu ndi akatswiri pa gawo la ma signature a digito ndi mapangano ndipo ali okondwa kupereka uphungu.