Pangano la layisensi

Zotetezedwa zamaphunziro ufulu ulipo kuti muteteze zolengedwa ndi malingaliro anu kuti asagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi anthu ena. Komabe, nthawi zina, mwachitsanzo ngati mukufuna kuti zolengedwa zanu zizigwiritsidwa ntchito pamalonda, mungafune kuti ena azitha kuzigwiritsa ntchito. Koma mukufuna kupereka ufulu wochuluka bwanji kwa ena pazamaluso anu? Mwachitsanzo, kodi wachitatuyo amaloledwa kumasulira, kufupikitsa kapena kusintha zomwe mukulemba? Kapena kusintha luso lanu setifiketi? Pangano la layisensi ndi njira zovomerezeka zokhazikitsira ufulu ndi maudindo a wina ndi mnzake pankhani yogwiritsa ntchito molakwika katundu waluntha. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza chimodzimodzi zomwe mgwirizano wa layisensi umaphatikizapo, mitundu yake, ndi zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala mgwirizanowu.

Pangano la layisensi

Katundu wanzeru ndi layisensi

Zotsatira za ntchito zamaganizidwe zimatchedwa ufulu wazamalonda. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maufulu imasiyana pamachitidwe, magwiridwe antchito komanso kutalika kwake. Zitsanzo ndi maumwini, ufulu wazizindikiro, zovomerezeka ndi mayina amalonda. Ufuluwu umatchedwa ufulu wokha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti anthu ena atha kugwiritsa ntchito ndi chilolezo cha munthu amene ali ndi ufuluwo. Izi zimakuthandizani kuti muteteze malingaliro ndi malingaliro opanga. Njira imodzi yoperekera chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito anthu ena ndikupereka layisensi. Izi zitha kuperekedwa m'njira iliyonse, pakamwa kapena polemba. Ndikofunika kuti muzilemba izi pangano la layisensi. Pankhani yokhala ndi chilolezo chokha, izi zimafunikanso malinga ndi lamulo. Laisensi yolembedwanso ndi yolembetsedwa komanso yofunikira pakakhala mikangano komanso kusamveka bwino pazokhudza chilolezo.

Zomwe zili mgwirizanowu

Pangano la layisensi limamalizidwa pakati pa omwe ali ndi layisensi (yemwe ali ndi ufulu wazamalonda) ndi yemwe amakhala ndi layisensi (yemwe amalandira laisensi). Phata la mgwirizanowu ndikuti wokhala ndi layisensi atha kugwiritsa ntchito ufulu wokhala ndi layisensi malinga ndi zomwe zagwirizana. Malingana ngati munthu amene ali ndi layisensi amatsatira izi, wopereka malayisensi sangagwiritse ntchito ufulu wake pomutsutsa. Potengera zomwe zilipo, pali zambiri zomwe zikuyenera kukhazikitsidwa kuti muchepetse kugwiritsa ntchito kwa omwe ali ndi layisensi potengera malire a woperekera chilolezo. Gawoli likufotokoza zina mwazinthu zomwe zitha kukhazikitsidwa pangano la layisensi.

Maphwando, kuchuluka kwake ndi nthawi yake

Choyamba, ndikofunikira kuzindikira fayilo ya Maphwando mu mgwirizano wa layisensi. Ndikofunika kulingalira mosamala yemwe ali ndi ufulu wogwiritsa ntchito laisensi ngati ikukhudza kampani yamagulu. Kuphatikiza apo, maphwandowa ayenera kutchulidwa ndi mayina awo athunthu. Kuphatikiza apo, kukula kwake kuyenera kufotokozedwa mwatsatanetsatane. Choyamba, ndikofunikira kutanthauzira chinthu chomwe layisensiyo imagwirizana nacho. Mwachitsanzo, kodi zimangokhudza dzina lamalonda kapena pulogalamuyo? Kulongosola kwa ufulu waluntha pamgwirizanowu ndikofunikira, komanso, mwachitsanzo, kugwiritsa ntchito ndi / kapena nambala yofalitsa ngati ikukhudza chivomerezo kapena chizindikiro. Chachiwiri, ndikofunikira momwe chinthuchi chitha kugwiritsidwira ntchito. Kodi yemwe ali ndi layisensi angasiye zilolezo zing'onozing'ono kapena kugwiritsa ntchito luso lazanzeru pomugwiritsa ntchito muzogulitsa kapena ntchito? Chachitatu, gawo (mwachitsanzo, Netherlands, Benelux, Europe, ndi zina zambiri) momwe chilolezo chitha kugwiritsidwira ntchito iyeneranso kufotokozedwanso. Pomaliza, a kutalika kuyenera kuvomerezana, komwe kumatha kukhazikitsidwa kapena kosatha. Ngati ufulu waluntha womwe ukukhudzidwa uli ndi malire a nthawi, izi ziyenera kuganiziridwanso.

Mitundu yamalayisensi

Mgwirizanowu uyeneranso kufotokozera mtundu wa layisensi. Pali zotheka zosiyanasiyana, zomwe ndizofala kwambiri:

  • Chokhachokha: Wopatsa chilolezo yekha amakhala ndi ufulu wogwiritsa ntchito kapena kugwiritsira ntchito ufulu waluntha.
  • Zosasankha: wokhala ndi chilolezo amatha kuloleza zipani zina kuwonjezera pa amene ali ndi layisensi ndikugwiritsa ntchito mozindikira ufulu walunthawo.
  • Chidendene: laisensi yokhayokha yomwe munthu wokhala ndi layisensi amatha kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kugwiritsa ntchito moyenerera luso limodzi ndi wopereka chilolezo.
  • Tsegulani: Aliyense wokondweretsedwa yemwe akwaniritsa zofunikirazi alandila chiphaso.

Nthawi zambiri ndalama zambiri zimatha kupezeka ngati chilolezo chokha, koma zimadalira momwe zinthu zilili ngati chisankhocho ndichabwino. Chilolezo chosakhala chokha chitha kuperekanso kusintha. Kuphatikiza apo, layisensi yokhayo singagwire ntchito pang'ono ngati mungapatse laisensi yokhayo chifukwa mukuyembekezera kuti mnzakeyo agulitsa malingaliro kapena malingaliro anu, koma wokhala ndi layisensi ndiye samachita nawo kanthu. Chifukwa chake, mutha kukakamiza munthu amene ali ndi layisensi kuti akwaniritse zomwe ayenera kuchita ndiufulu wanu wazamalonda. Kutengera mtundu wa layisensi, ndikofunikira kwambiri kukhazikitsa mikhalidwe yomwe layisensiyo yapatsidwa.

Zina

Pomaliza, pakhoza kukhala zina zomwe nthawi zambiri zimachitika mu mgwirizano wamalamulo:

  • The Malipiro ndi kuchuluka kwake. Ngati amalipiritsa chindapusa, itha kukhala ndalama zanthawi zonse (chiphaso cha layisensi), ma royalties (mwachitsanzo, kuchuluka kwa chiwongola dzanja) kapena ndalama imodzi (mpukutu pamodzi). Nthawi ndi makonzedwe osalipira kapena kubweza mochedwa ayenera kuvomerezedwa.
  • Lamulo logwira ntchito, khothi loyenerera or kuweruza / kuyimira pakati
  • Chinsinsi ndi chinsinsi
  • Kukhazikika kwa zolakwira. Popeza kuti mwiniwake wa layisensi alibe ufulu woyambitsa milandu popanda chilolezo, izi ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa pamgwirizanowu ngati pakufunika kutero.
  • Kusintha kwa layisensi: ngati kusinthasintha sikukufunidwa ndi layisensi, kuyenera kuvomerezedwa mu mgwirizano.
  • Kusamutsa chidziwitso: mgwirizano wa layisensi ukhozanso kutha kumaliza kudziwa zambiri. Izi ndizachinsinsi, nthawi zambiri zaluso, zomwe sizikupezeka ndi ufulu waumwini.
  • Zochitika zatsopano. Mgwirizano uyeneranso kupangidwa ngati zinthu zatsopano zaluntha zikuphatikizidwanso ndi layisensi ya wokhala ndi layisensi. Zingakhale choncho kuti munthu wokhala ndi layisensi azikulitsa mankhwalawo ndipo wopereka malayisensi akufuna kupindula ndi izi. Zikatero, chilolezo chosakhala chokhacho chololeza munthu amene ali ndi chiphaso chazinthu zatsopano zitha kufotokozedwa.

Mwachidule, mgwirizano wa layisensi ndi mgwirizano woti munthu wokhala ndi layisensi apatsidwe ufulu ndi layisensi kuti agwiritse ntchito kapena / kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mwanzeru luso. Izi ndizothandiza ngati wopereka chilolezo akufuna kugulitsa malingaliro ake kapena kugwira ntchito ndi wina. Chigwirizano chimodzi cha layisensi sichifanana ndi china. Izi ndichifukwa choti ndi mgwirizano watsatanetsatane womwe ungasiyane malinga ndi kuchuluka ndi momwe zinthu zilili. Mwachitsanzo, itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamaufulu osiyanasiyana aluso ndi m'mene amagwiritsidwira ntchito, komanso pali kusiyana pamalipiro ndi kupatula. Tikukhulupirira, nkhaniyi yakupatsani lingaliro labwino pazokhudza mgwirizano wamalamulo, cholinga chake komanso zofunikira zake.

Kodi mudakali ndi mafunso okhudza mgwirizanowu mutawerenga nkhaniyi? Kenako lemberani Law & More. Maloya athu ndi akatswiri pamalamulo azinthu zanzeru, makamaka pankhani yaumwini, malamulo azizindikiro, mayina amalonda ndi zovomerezeka. Ndife okonzeka kuyankha mafunso anu onse ndipo tidzakhalanso okondwa kukuthandizani kuti mupange mgwirizano woyenera wa layisensi.

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