Due to several high-profile criminal cases that have arisen in the past year, the suspect’s right to remain silent is once again in the spotlight. Certainly, with victims and relatives of criminal offenses, the suspect’s right to remain silent is under fire, which is understandable. Last year, for example, the persistent silence of the suspect of multiple “insulin murders” in care homes for the elderly led to frustration and irritation among the relatives, who of course wanted to know what happened. The suspect constantly invoked his right to remain silent before the Rotterdam District Court. In the long run, this also annoyed the judges, who nevertheless continued to try to get the suspect to work.
Pali zifukwa zingapo zomwe amakayikira, nthawi zambiri pamalangizo aamilandu awo, amapempha ufulu wawo wokhala chete. Mwachitsanzo, izi zitha kukhala zifukwa zachikhalidwe kapena zamaganizidwe, zimachitikanso kuti wokayikirayo akuopa zomwe zingachitike munyengo yaupandu. Mosasamala kanthu za chifukwa, ufulu wokhala chete ndi wa aliyense wokayikira. Ndi ufulu wapadera wokhala ndi chitukuko, popeza 1926 idakhazikitsidwa mu Article 29 ya Code of Criminal Procedure motero iyenera kulemekezedwa. Ufuluwu umachokera pa mfundo yoti wokayikirayo sayenera kuchita nawo zomwe amakhulupirira ndipo sangakakamizidwe kutero: 'Wokayikira sakakamizidwa kuyankha. ' Kudzoza kwa izi ndi kuletsa kuzunzidwa.
Ngati wokayikirayo agwiritsa ntchito ufuluwu, atha kuletsa zonenedwazo kuti zisaoneke ngati zachinyengo komanso zosadalirika, mwachitsanzo chifukwa zimasiyana ndi zomwe ena wanena kapena zomwe zikuphatikizidwa mufayilo. Wokayikira akadakhala chete pachiyambipo ndipo zonena zake zikubwera pambuyo pa zomwe akunenazo ndi fayiloyo, amawonjezera mwayi kuti oweruza azikhulupirira. Kugwiritsa ntchito ufulu wokhala chete kungakhalenso njira yabwino ngati wokayikirayo sangathe kuyankha moyenera pa mafunso, mwachitsanzo, apolisi. Kupatula apo, mawu amatha kukhazikitsidwa nthawi zonse kukhothi.
Komabe, njira imeneyi ilibe zoopsa. Wokayikiranso ayenera kudziwa izi. Ngati wokayikirayo amangidwa ndikuyikidwa m'ndende, kuwadandaula kuti akhale ndi ufulu wokhala chete kungatanthauze kuti apolisi akafufuzidwebe chifukwa choti akufufuzabe. Chifukwa chake ndikotheka kuti wogwirirayo ayenera kukhalabe m'ndende nthawi yayitali chifukwa chokhala chete kuposa kuti wanena mawu. Kuphatikiza apo, ndizotheka kuti atachotsedwa pamlanduwo kapena atazindikira kuti munthu amene akuwayimbira mlandu, osakakamizidwa, sadzapatsidwa zowonongeka ngati ali ndi mlandu wokha kuti akupitiliza kumangidwa. Kudzinenera kowonongeka kumakhala kukanidwa kale pamtunda umenewo kangapo.
Once in court, silence is not without consequences for the suspect either. After all, a judge can take silence into account in his verdict if a suspect does not provide any openness, both in the statement of evidence and in the sentence. According to the Dutch Supreme Court, the silence of the suspect can even contribute to the conviction if there is enough evidence and the suspect has not provided any further explanation. After all, the suspect’s silence can be understood and explained by the judge as follows: “The suspect has always been silent about his involvement (…) and has therefore not taken responsibility for what he has done.” Within the context of the sentence, the suspect can be blamed for his silence that he has not repented or regretted his actions. Whether the judges take the use of the right to remain silent by the suspect into account for the sentence, depends on the judge’s personal assessment and can therefore differ per judge.
Using the right to remain silent may have advantages for the suspect, but that is certainly not without risk. It is true that the suspect’s right to remain silent must be respected. However, when it comes to a lawsuit, the judges increasingly consider the silence of suspects to their own disadvantage. After all, the suspect’s right to remain silent is in practice regularly at odds with the increasing role in criminal proceedings and the importance of victims, surviving relatives or society with clear answers to the questions.
Kaya ndi nzeru kwa inu kugwiritsa ntchito ufulu wokhala chete apolisi akamamvetsera kapena kumvetsera kumatengera zomwe mlanduwo ukuchita. Ndikofunika kuti mulumikizane ndi loya wazamalamulo musanapange chisankho chokhala chete. Law & More Akuluakulu odziwa zamalamulo ndipo ali okondwa kupereka upangiri ndi / kapena thandizo. Kodi ndinu ovutitsidwa kapena wachibale yemwe watsala ndipo muli ndi mafunso okhudza ufulu wokhala chete? Ngakhale pamenepo Law & More’s lawyers are ready for you.