Udindo wa Supervisory Board panthawi yamavuto

Kuphatikiza pa athu nkhani yayikulu pa Supervisory Board (pano 'SB'), tikufunanso kuyang'ana pa udindo wa SB panthawi yamavuto. Munthawi yamavuto, kuteteza kupitilira kwa kampani ndikofunikira kwambiri kuposa kale, kotero kuti zofunika kuzilingalira ziyenera kuchitidwa. Makamaka pokhudzana ndi nkhokwe za kampani komanso zofuna zosiyanasiyana za othandizira nawo. Kodi udindo waukulu kwambiri wa SB uli woyenera kapena wofunikira pakadali pano? Izi ndizofunikira makamaka pakadali pano ndi COVID-19, chifukwa vutoli limakhudza kwambiri kupitiriza kwa kampaniyo ndipo ndicho cholinga chomwe gulu ndi SB akuyenera kuwonetsetsa. Munkhaniyi, tikufotokoza momwe izi zimagwirira ntchito munthawi yamavuto monga zovuta zam'mlengalenga zamakono. Izi zikuphatikiza nthawi yamavuto omwe akukhudza gulu lathunthu, komanso nthawi zovuta ku kampani yomwe (monga mavuto azachuma ndi omwe amatenga nawo mbali).

Udindo wa Supervisory Board panthawi yamavuto

Ntchito yalamulo la Supervisory Board

Udindo wa SB wa BV ndi NV wayikidwa m'ndime 2 ya nkhani 2: 140/250 ya DCC. Dongosololi limati: “Udindo wa komiti yoyang'anira ndi kuyang'anira mfundo zoyendetsedwa ndi komiti yoyang'anira ndi zochitika zonse pakampani ndi mabungwe omwe amagwirizana nawo. Zithandizira gulu loyang'anira ndi upangiri. Pogwira ntchito yawo, oyang'anira amayang'aniridwa ndi zofuna za kampaniyo ndi kampani yomwe imagwirizana nayo. ” Kupatula zomwe otsogolera oyang'anira (chidwi cha kampani ndi mabungwe omwe amagwirizana nawo), nkhaniyi sikunena chilichonse chokhudza kuyang'aniridwa koyenera kumakhala koyenera.

Kufotokozanso kowonjezera kwa gawo lolimbikitsidwa la SB

M'malamulo azolemba ndi milandu, momwe amayenera kuyang'aniridwa adalongosoleredwa. Ntchito yoyang'anira makamaka imakhudza: magwiridwe antchito a komiti yoyang'anira, malingaliro amakampani, momwe ndalama ziliri, mfundo zowopsa komanso kugwilizana ndi malamulo. Kuphatikiza apo, mabukuwa amapereka zochitika zina zapadera zomwe zitha kuchitika munthawi yamavuto pomwe mayang'aniridwe ndi upangiriwo ukhoza kukulitsidwa, mwachitsanzo:

  • Mavuto azachuma
  • Kutsatira malamulo atsopano azovuta
  • Kukonzanso
  • Kusintha kwa njira (yowopsa)
  • Kupezeka ngati mukudwala

Koma kodi kuyang'aniridwa kotereku kumaphatikizapo chiyani? Zikuwonekeratu kuti udindo wa SB uyenera kupitilira kungovomereza mfundo za oyang'anira pambuyo pa mwambowu. Kuyang'anira kumalumikizidwa kwambiri ndi upangiri: SB ikayang'anira njira yakanthawi yayitali ndi dongosolo la oyang'anira, posachedwa pakubwera upangiri. Pachifukwa ichi, gawo lomwe likupita patsogolo limasungidwanso ku SB, chifukwa upangiri sikuti umafunika kungoperekedwa kokha ngati oyang'anira akuwapempha. Makamaka munthawi yamavuto, ndikofunikira kwambiri kukhalabe pamwamba pazinthu. Izi zitha kuphatikizanso kuwunika ngati ndondomekoyi ndi njirayi ikugwirizana ndi momwe ndalama zilili pakadali pano komanso zamtsogolo ndi malamulo, kuwunika mozama kufunikira kokonzanso ndikupereka upangiri woyenera. Pomaliza, nkofunikanso kugwiritsa ntchito kampasi yanu yamakhalidwe makamaka kuti muwone mawonekedwe amunthu kupitilira magawo azachuma komanso zoopsa zake. Ndondomeko yachitukuko ya kampaniyo ili ndi gawo lofunikira pano, chifukwa si kampani komanso makasitomala, ogwira ntchito, mpikisano, ogulitsa ndi mwina anthu onse omwe angakhudzidwe ndi vutoli.

Malire oyang'aniridwa bwino

Kutengera ndi zomwe tafotokozazi, zikuwonekeratu kuti munthawi yamavuto gawo lalikulu la SB lingayembekezeredwe. Komabe, malire osachepera ndi otani? Kupatula apo, ndikofunikira kuti SB izikhala ndiudindo woyenera, koma kodi pali malire pa izi? Mwina SB iyeneranso kuyang'anira kampaniyo, mwachitsanzo, kapena pakadakhala kupatukana kokhwima komwe oyang'anira okhawo ndi omwe amayang'anira kampani, monga zikuwonekera ku Dutch Civil Code? Gawoli limapereka zitsanzo za momwe zinthu ziyenera kukhalira ndi zosayenera kuchitidwira, kutengera zochitika zingapo pamaso pa Enterprise Chamber.

OGEM (ECLI: NL: HR: 1990: AC1234)

Pofuna kupereka zitsanzo za momwe SB sayenera kugwirira ntchito, choyamba tidzatchula zitsanzo kuchokera kwa odziwika OGEM mlandu. Mlanduwu umakhudza kampani yopanga ndalama komanso yomanga, pomwe omwe amagawana nawo kafukufukuyu adafunsa Enterprise Chamber ngati pali zifukwa zokayikira kuyang'anira kampani. Izi zidatsimikiziridwa ndi Enterprise Chamber:

"Pachifukwa ichi, Enterprise Chamber yatenga ngati chinthu chotsimikizika kuti komiti yoyang'anira, ngakhale panali zikwangwani zomwe zidafikira m'njira zosiyanasiyana ndipo zomwe ziyenera kuti zidamupatsa chifukwa chofunsira zambiri, sanachitepo kanthu pankhaniyi ndipo sanalowererepo. Chifukwa chosiyidwa izi, malinga ndi Enterprise Chamber, njira yopanga zisankho idakwaniritsidwa ku Ogem, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti pakhale kuwonongeka kwakukulu pachaka, zomwe pamapeto pake zidakhala Fl. 200 miliyoni, yomwe ndi njira yosasamala yochitira zinthu.

Ndi lingaliro ili, Enterprise Chamber idafotokoza zakuti pokhudzana ndi chitukuko cha ntchito zomanga mkati mwa Ogem, zosankha zingapo zidatengedwa momwe oyang'anira a Ogem sanakwaniritse kapena sanakwaniritse bwino udindo wawo woyang'anira, pomwe zisankhozi, potengera kutayika komwe ntchitoyi idabweretsa, zinali zofunika kwambiri kwa Ogem. "

Laurus (ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2003: AM1450)

Chitsanzo china cha kusayendetsa bwino kwa SB panthawi yamavuto ndi Laurus mlandu. Mlanduwu udakhudza msika wama supermarket pokonzanso ('Operation Greenland') momwe mashopu pafupifupi 800 amayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwa njira imodzi. Ndalama zoyendetsera ntchitoyi makamaka zinali zakunja, koma zimayembekezeredwa kuti zipambana pogulitsa zinthu zosafunikira. Komabe, izi sizinachitike monga momwe zimakonzera ndipo chifukwa cha zovuta zina ndi zina, kampaniyo idayenera kugulitsidwa pambuyo poti bankirapuse adasokonekera. Malinga ndi Enterprise Chamber a SB amayenera kukhala achangu chifukwa inali ntchito yofuna kutchuka komanso yowopsa. Mwachitsanzo, adasankha wapampando wa komiti yayikulu popanda ritelo zokumana nazo, amayenera kukhala ndi nthawi zowongolera kuti akwaniritse dongosolo la bizinesi ndipo amayenera kugwiritsa ntchito kuyang'anitsitsa chifukwa sikunali kupitilira kwa mfundo zokhazikika.

Eneco (ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2018: 4108)

mu Eneco choncho, mbali inayi, panali mtundu wina wosasamalira. Apa, omwe amagawana nawo pagulu (omwe onse anali atapanga 'shareholder committee') amafuna kugulitsa magawo awo poyembekezera kubweza mabungwe. Panali mkangano pakati pa komiti yogawana ndi SB, komanso pakati pa komiti yogawana ndi oyang'anira. SB idaganiza zokambirana ndi Komiti Yaomwe Ali Ndi Ogawana popanda kufunsa a Management Board, atagwirizana. Zotsatira zake, mikangano yambiri idabuka mkati mwa kampaniyo, nthawi iyi pakati pa SB ndi Management Board.

Poterepa, Enterprise Chamber idagamula kuti zomwe SB idachita zinali kutali kwambiri ndi ntchito za utsogoleri. Popeza pangano la eni masheya a Eneco lidati kuyenera kukhala mgwirizano pakati pa SB, Board of Management ndi omwe akugawana nawo masheya pakugulitsa masheya, SB siyiyenera kuloledwa kusankha pankhaniyi mosadalira.

Mlanduwu chifukwa chake ukuwonetsa mbali ina ya chithunzichi: chitonzo sichimangokhudza kungokhala chabe koma chitha kukhala chokhudza kutenga gawo lotsogola kwambiri. Ndi gawo liti lantchito lomwe liloledwa munthawi yamavuto? Izi zafotokozedwa pankhani yotsatirayi.

Telegraaf Media Groep (ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2017: 930)

Nkhaniyi ikukhudzana ndi kupezeka kwa Telegraaf Media Groep NV (pano 'TMG'), kampani yodziwika bwino yofalitsa nkhani yomwe imayang'ana nkhani, masewera ndi zosangalatsa. Panali ofuna kutenga nawo mbali awiri: Talpa ndi mgwirizano wa VPE ndi Mediahuis. Njira zolandirazo zinali zocheperako popanda chidziwitso chokwanira. Bungweli limayang'ana kwambiri Talpa, yomwe imasemphana ndi kukulitsa mtengo wamasheya popanga fayilo ya masewera osewerera. Ogawana adadandaula izi ku SB, yomwe idapereka madandaulowa ku Management Board.

Pambuyo pake, komiti yanzeru idapangidwa ndi komitiyo ndi tcheyamani wa SB kuti ichitenso zokambirana zina. Tcheyamani anali ndi voti yoponya chisankho ndipo adaganiza zokambirana ndi Consortium, chifukwa sizokayikitsa kuti Talpa angakhale ogawana nawo ambiri. Bungweli linakana kusaina pulojekitiyi, choncho anachotsedwa ntchito ndi SB. M'malo mwa bolodi, SB imasaina pulogalamuyo.

Talpa sanagwirizane ndi zomwe zalandidwa ndipo adapita ku Enterprise Chamber kuti akafufuze mfundo za SB. Malingaliro a OR, zomwe SB idachita zinali zoyenerera. Zinali zofunikira kwambiri kuti mgwirizanowu ukhalebe olandirana nawo ambiri ndipo kusankha kumamveka bwino. Enterprise Chamber idavomereza kuti SB idataya mtima ndi oyang'anira. Kukana kwa bungweli kusaina pulojekitiyi yophatikiza sikunasangalatse kampaniyo chifukwa cha mavuto omwe anali mgulu la TMG. Chifukwa SB idapitilizabe kulumikizana bwino ndi oyang'anira, sizinapitirire ntchito yake yopezera chidwi cha kampaniyo.

Kutsiliza

Pambuyo pokambirana pamlandu womalizawu, zitha kuunikiridwa kuti sikuti komiti yoyang'anira kokha, komanso SB itha kutenga gawo lofunikira panthawi yamavuto. Ngakhale kulibe lamulo lamilandu yokhudza mliri wa COVID-19, tikhoza kumaliza potengera ziweruzo zomwe zatchulidwazi kuti SB ikuyenera kuchita zoposa kuwunikanso zinthu zikafika poti zingachitike zochitika zabizinesi zabwinobwino (OGEM & Laurus). SB itha kutenga nawo gawo lalikulu ngati zokonda za kampaniyo zili pachiwopsezo, bola ngati izi zichitike mogwirizana ndi komiti yoyang'anira momwe zingathere, zomwe zimatsatira poyerekeza Eneco ndi TMG.

Kodi muli ndi mafunso aliwonse okhudza udindo wa Supervisory Board panthawi yamavuto? Ndiye chonde lemberani Law & More. Maloya athu aluso kwambiri pamilandu yamakampani ndipo amakhala okonzeka kukuthandizani nthawi zonse.

Share
Law & More B.V.