Kodi ufulu wanu wokhala renti ndi uti?

Wobwereka aliyense ali ndi ufulu ali ndi ufulu wofunikira iwiri: ufulu wokhala ndi moyo komanso ufulu wobwereka chitetezo. Komwe tidakambirana ufulu woyamba wa lendi yokhudzana ndi udindo wa mwininyumba, ufulu wachiwiri wa wokhala nawo udabwera mu blog yapadera yokhudza chitetezo cha renti. Ndicho chifukwa chake funso lina losangalatsa lidzakambidwa mu blog iyi: ndi maufulu ena ati omwe amakhala nawo? Ufulu wosangalala ndi moyo komanso kubwereka chitetezo sindiwo ufulu wokhawo amene akukhalira motsutsana ndi mwininyumba. Mwachitsanzo, lendi ili ndi ufulu wokhala ndi ufulu wambiri potengera kusamutsidwa kwa malo omwe sawoloka kubwereketsa ndikuyika. Maufulu onsewa amafotokozedwa motsatizana mu blog iyi.

Kodi ufulu wanu wokhala renti ndi uti?

Kusamutsa malo sikudutsa renti

Ndime 1 ya Article 7: 226 ya Dutch Civil Code, yomwe imagwira ntchito kwa omwe amakhala ndi malo okhala, ikuti:

"Kusamutsa malo omwe mgwirizano wamgwirizano umakhudzana (…) ndi mwininyumba amasamutsa ufulu ndi udindo wa mwininyumbayo kuchokera ku mgwirizano wokhala ndi wolandila. "

Kwa wobwereketsa, nkhaniyi ikutanthawuza koyambirira kuti kusamutsa umwini wa malo obwereka, mwachitsanzo pogulitsa ndi mwininyumba kupita kwa wina, sikuthetsa mgwirizano wobwereka. Kuphatikiza apo, wobwereketsa atha kunena zonena motsutsana ndi omwe alowa m'malo mwalamulo, popeza wolowa m'malo mwalamulo amatenga ufulu ndi udindo wa mwininyumbayo. Pamafunso omwe akuti ndendende ali nawo, ndikofunikira kukhazikitsa kaye ufulu ndi maudindo a mwininyumbayo omwe amapatsira woloŵa m'malo mwake. Malinga ndi ndime 3 ya Article 7: 226 ya Civil Code, awa ndi ufulu ndi maudindo a mwininyumbayo omwe akukhudzana mwachindunji ndikugwiritsa ntchito malo obwerekedwa kuti aganizire kulipidwa ndi wobwereketsa, mwachitsanzo, lendi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti zomwe wopanga nyumbayo anganene motsutsana ndi omwe adzalandire mwalamulo, zikukhudzana ndi ufulu wake wofunikira kwambiri: ufulu wokhala ndi moyo komanso ufulu wobwereka chitetezo.

Nthawi zambiri, komabe, wobwereketsa komanso mwininyumbayo amapanganso mapangano ena mgwirizanowu potengera zina zomwe amalemba ndikuzilemba m'magulu. Chitsanzo chodziwika bwino ndi gawo lonena za ufulu wokhala ndi mwayi wobwereketsa. Ngakhale sizipatsa mwayi kwa wobwereketsayo kuti abweretse, zimatanthawuza udindo wa mwininyumbayo kuti apereke: mwininyumbayo ayenera kupereka malo obwerekedwa kuti agulitsidwe kwa mwiniyo asanagulitsidwe kwa woloŵa m'malo ena mwalamulo. Kodi mwininyumbayo wotsatira adzamangidwanso ndi gawoli kulinga kwa wogona? Potengera lamuloli, sizili choncho. Izi zimapereka kuti ufulu wokhalitsa wa wobwereketsawo sunagwirizane mwachindunji ndi renti, kuti gawo lonena za ufulu wogula malo obwereka lisadutse kwa olowa m'malo mwa mwininyumbayo. Izi ndizosiyana kokha ngati zikukhudza njira yogulira kuchokera kwa wobwereketsayo ndipo ndalama zomwe zimayenera kulipidwa kwakanthawi kwa mwininyumbayo zimaphatikizaponso gawo la chipukutso cha omwe akupeza.

Kutumiza

Kuphatikiza apo, Article 7: 227 ya Civil Code imanena izi pokhudzana ndi ufulu wa wobwereketsa:

"Wobwereketsayo ndi wololedwa kupatsa munthu wina renti kugwiritsidwa ntchito, yonse kapena gawo lina, pokhapokha ngati angaganize kuti wobwereketsa angatsutse zoti mnzakeyo agwiritsa ntchito."

Mwambiri, zikuwonekeratu kuchokera m'nkhaniyi kuti wobwerekedwayo ali ndi ufulu wopereka zonse kapena gawo la katundu wobwereka kwa munthu wina. Poganizira gawo lachiwiri la Article 7: 227 ya Civil Code, wobwereketsa sangathe, komabe, kupitiliza kufufuta ngati ali ndi zifukwa zokayikira kuti mwininyumbayo angakane izi. Nthawi zina, kukana kwa mwininyumbayo kumawonekeratu, mwachitsanzo ngati choletsa kubisa chimaphatikizidwa mgwirizanowu. Zikatero, kutumiza kwa wobwereketsa sikuloledwa. Ngati wobwereketsa angachite izi, atha kubwezeredwa. Chindapusa ichi chiyenera kulumikizidwa ndi choletsa kugulitsa pangano lobwereka ndikukhala pamlingo wokwanira. Mwachitsanzo, kupatula chipinda kuchokera ku Air B&B kungaletsedwe mwanjira imeneyi, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala choncho.

Poterepa, nkhani 7: 244 ya Civil Code ndiyofunikiranso pakukhazikitsa malo okhala, omwe akuti wobwereketsa malo saloledwa kubwereka malo onse okhala. Izi sizikugwira ntchito gawo limodzi lokhalamo, monga chipinda. Mwanjira ina, wobwereketsa amakhala womasuka kuperekera gawo kwa wina. Momwemonso, nyumbayi ilinso ndi ufulu wokhala m'malo obwereketsa. Izi zimagwiranso ntchito ngati wobwereketsayo akuyenera kuchoka pamalowo. Kupatula apo, Article 7: 269 ya Dutch Civil Code ikupereka kuti mwininyumbayo apitilizabe kugwiritsa ntchito malamulo, ngakhale mgwirizano waukulu utatha. Komabe, zinthu zotsatirazi ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa pazinthu izi:

  • Malo okhala pawokha. Mwanjira ina, malo okhala okhala ndi mwayi wake wokha komanso zofunikira zake, monga khitchini ndi bafa. Chipinda chokha sichiwoneka ngati malo okhala palokha.
  • Chigwirizano cha Sublease. Kukhala mgwirizano pakati pa wobwereketsa ndi wobwereketsa womwe umakwaniritsa zofunikira pamgwirizano wobwereketsa, monga tafotokozera mu Article 7: 201 ya Civil Code.
  • Pangano la renti limakhudza kubwereka kwa malo okhala. Mwanjira ina, mgwirizano waukulu wobwereketsa pakati pa wobwereka ndi mwininyumbayo uyenera kukhudzana ndi renti ndi kubwereketsa malo omwe malo okhala movomerezeka amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ngati zomwe tafotokozazi sizikutsatiridwa, wobwerekedwayo alibe ufulu kapena dzina loti angalandire kwa mwininyumbayo ufulu wokhala m'galimoto pambuyo poti mgwirizano waukulu pakati pa wobwereketsa ndi mwininyumba wathetsedwa, kotero kuti kuchotsedwanso mosapeweka kwa iye. Ngati wogonthayo akwaniritsa zofunikirazi, ayenera kukumbukira kuti mwininyumbayo atha kuyambitsa milandu yotsutsana ndi banjali patadutsa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi kuti athetse kusamutsidwa ndikuchotsedwa kwa let.

Monga malo okhalamo, malo amalonda amathanso kutumizidwa ndi lendi. Koma kodi nyumbayo imagwirizana bwanji ndi mwininyumbayo, ngati wopalamulayo sanaloledwe kutero kapena ayenera kuchoka kumalo obwereka? Kwa 2003 panali kusiyanasiyana kowoneka bwino: mwininyumbayo analibe chochita ndi kanyumba kaja chifukwa wobisalayo anali ndi ubale wovomerezeka ndi wobwerekayo. Zotsatira zake, wogonthayo analibe ufulu ndipo chifukwa chake wotsutsana ndi mwininyumba. Kuyambira pamenepo, lamuloli lasintha pamfundoyi ndipo likuti ngati mgwirizano waukulu pakati pa wobwereketsa ndi mwininyumba utha, wobwereketsayo ayenera kusamalira zokonda zake komanso, monga, kulowa nawo pamalowo ndi mwininyumba. Koma ngati mgwirizano waukulu wobwereketsa udathetsedweratu pambuyo pa zochitikazo, ufulu wa nyumbayo nawonso udzatha.

Kodi ndinu a lendi ndipo muli ndi mafunso aliwonse okhudza blog iyi? Ndiye kukhudzana Law & More. Maloya athu ndi akatswiri pankhani zalamulo ndipo ali okondwa kukupatsani upangiri. Akhozanso kukuthandizani mwalamulo ngati mkangano wanu wobwereketsa ungachitike.

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